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Related to Internal mammary artery: Internal mammary vein, internal mammary artery bypass
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1985) Severe Kawasaki heart disease treated with an internal mammary artery graft in pediatric patients.
Low flow internal mammary artery, which was used on left anterior descending artery, showed significantly higher need of inotropic support as compared to high flow internal mammary artery (p=0.
Comparison of Internal Mammary Artery and Lateral Thoracic Artery Width in Patients with Benign and Malignant Breast Tumors.
The left internal mammary artery was used in all cases (unless it had been used before or obtainable with insufficient flow after dissection) for connection to the anterior descending artery.
Caption: Figure 1: Volume rendering reconstructed image of computed tomography angiography shows a hypertrophic, aberrant right bronchial artery (white arrow) arising from the proximal portion of the right internal mammary artery (black arrow).
Intercostal arteries comprised the majority of the hypertrophied non-bronchial systemic arteries requiring embolization, followed by the internal mammary artery.
Surgical myocardial revascularization was done by using a radial artery graft on RCA and an in situ left internal mammary artery (LIMA) graft on LAD.
When left internal mammary artery (LIMA) is used as conduit for left anterior descendent artery (LAD), stenosis of the subclavian artery, proximal to the origin of the LIMA reverse the flow in the LIMA and steal blood from the coronary circulation causing myocardial ischemia.
Similarly, there may be seen a reversal flow in cases of coronary artery bypass grafting surgery when subclavian artery have occlusion and when left internal mammary artery (LIMA) is used as graft for coronary revascularisation.
A report from the Society for Thoracic Surgeons (STS) database has described the increasing risk profile of patients coming to surgery with fewer smokers, more patients with diabetes and more use of the left internal mammary artery (LIMA) as a bypass conduit.

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