Are learners in the United States who interact frequently with native speakers of Spanish capable of acquiring dialect-specific intonational
cp Pointed arrows indicate a marked falling or rising intonational
We believe that his acceptance of slight pitch drops in this one specific context reflects sentence-level intonational
declination rather than phonological tonal downstep.
The hypothetical result of Mowrer's autism theory-the gradual evolution of babbling toward the sounds of the parents' language-has been documented even at the level of echoing both the phonemes and intonational
contours of another speaker (deBoysson-Bardies, Sagart, & Durand, 1984).
The technology of speech analysis has been used for teaching intonational
patterns since 1970s (Zinovjeva, 2005).
BARJAM, John 2004 "The Intonational
Phonology of Porteno Spanish".
Gardner, working with colleagues in the Harvard Project Zero states that 'during the first year of life a child's babbling includes melodic and intonational
In this study we analyze the relationship between focus and downstep in Central Catalan declaratives within the Autosegmental-Metrical (AM) approach of intonational
analysis (Pierrehumbert 1980, Beckman and Pierrehumbert 1986, Beckman and Hirschberg 1994, Ladd 1996, Gussenhoven 2004, among many others).
Speech repairs, intonational
phrases and discourse markers: Modeling speakers utterances in spoken dialogue.
The focus projection shows both domains, as illustrated in (22), which represents the interpretation of (15) in which the intonational
prominence falls on fast and the whole of ate everything fast is the nonpresupposed, focal information, while Gareth, the topic, constitutes presupposed information (IU represents the basic information units).
During the past decade, research on the enhancement of the naturalness of synthetic speech has focused mainly on the efficient modeling of the intonational
contours in text-to-speech synthesis (Xydas & Kouroupetroglou, 2006).
The authors introduce all of the prosodic domains--syllable, foot, word, clitic group, phonological phrase, intonational
phrase and utterance--and comments on the evidence in their favor from numerous languages.