invasion of privacy


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invasion of privacy

n. the intrusion into the personal life of another, without just cause, which can give the person whose privacy has been invaded a right to bring a lawsuit for damages against the person or entity that intruded. However, public personages are not protected in most situations, since they have placed themselves already within the public eye, and their activities (even personal and sometimes intimate) are considered newsworthy, i.e. of legitimate public interest. However, an otherwise non-public individual has a right to privacy from: 1) intrusion on one's solitude or into one's private affairs; 2) public disclosure of embarrassing private information; 3) publicity which puts him/her in a false light to the public; 4) appropriation of one's name or picture for personal or commercial advantage. Lawsuits have arisen from magazine articles on obscure geniuses, use of a wife's name on a hospital insurance form to obtain insurance payment for delivery of a mistress' baby, unauthorized use of a girl's photo to advertise a photographer, and "tabloid" journalism treatment of people as freaks. There are also numerous instances of governmental invasion of privacy such as the Federal Bureau of Investigation compiling files on people considered as political opponents, partially corrected by the passage of the Freedom of Information Act in 1966. The right to privacy originated with an article in the Harvard Law Review in the 1890s written by lawyers "Bull" Warren and future Supreme Court Justice Louis D. Brandeis.

References in periodicals archive ?
He was already facing invasion of privacy charges, alongside Wei.
This increases the invasion of privacy liability for security firms, but most commercial general liability policies offer this coverage.
Buckley was booked into the Lane County Jail on two counts of first-degree sexual abuse and 10 counts of invasion of privacy.
In some jurisdictions, when the intrusion is committed, the tort of invasion of privacy is complete.
And they warn that unauthorised monitoring of phone calls and e-mails may be an invasion of privacy - even if the worker is using them for personal matters.
The sad reality remains that MOE has succeeded in imposing a policy that compromises parental primacy and is an invasion of privacy, a policy that would not have come to fruition without the naive compliance of some home school leaders.
Critics are calling this an invasion of privacy, and they warn that Google may also be able to combine information from personal e-mail and search activities, and prepare detailed profiles on individuals that may be retained even after accounts are closed.
According to the New York Post, Dharun Ravi, along with another student Molly Wei, have been charged with invasion of privacy after Ravi allegedly used a webcam on September 19 to capture his roommate, Clementi, having a gay sexual encounter.
The millionaire, who believes the couple were murdered, filed the invasion of privacy complaint and said that each battle he fought was taking him closer to the truth.
But civil liberties groups in the US have claimed the scanners are an invasion of privacy.
The claims include defamation, invasion of privacy and intentional infliction of emotional distress.
New Web tools let you peer into consumers' buying habits, but they may cry invasion of privacy.