Investiture


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Investiture

In ecclesiastical law, one of the formalities by which an archbishop confirms the election of a bishop. During the feudal ages, the rite by which an overlord granted a portion of his lands to his vassal.

The investiture ceremony, which took place in the presence of other vassals, consisted of the vassal taking an oath of fealty to the overlord who, in turn, gave him a clod of dirt or a twig, symbolic of the open and notorious transfer of possession of the land. The ritual, used at a time when writing and record keeping were not widely practiced, fixed the date of the vassal's acquisition of the land and, in cases of disputes over the land, provided a source of evidence in the form of testimony of the vassals who witnessed the proceedings.

Cross-references

Feudalism.

See: assignment, delegation, deputation, installation

INVESTITURE, estates. The act of giving possession of lands by actual seisin When livery of seisin was made to a person by the common law he was invested with the whole fee; this, the foreign feudists and sometimes 'our own law writers call investiture, but generally speaking, it is termed by the common law writers, the seisin of the fee. 2 Bl. Com. 209, 313; Feame on Rem. 223, n. (z).
     2. By the canon law investiture was made per baculum et annulum, by the ring and crosier, which were regarded as symbols of the episcopal jurisdiction. Ecclesiastical and secular fiefs were governed by the same rule in this respect that previously to investiture, neither a bishop, abbey or lay lord could take possession of a fief. conferred upon them previously to investiture by the prince.
     3. Pope Gregory VI. first disputed the right of sovereigns to give investiture of ecclesiastical fiefs, A. D. 1045, but Pope Gregory VII. carried. on the dispute with much more vigor, A. D. 1073. He excommunicated the emperor, Henry IV. The Popes Victor III., Urban II. and Paul II., continued the contest. This dispute, it is said, cost Christendom sixty- three battles, and the lives of many millions of men. De Pradt.

References in periodicals archive ?
in Taffner Field House said by Bishop Nicholas DiMarzio , followed by the formal Investiture Ceremony in Carnesecca Arena.
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Rob Brydon after he was made a Member of the Order of the British Empire (MBE) by |the Queen during an investiture ceremony at Windsor STEVE PARSONS
During the Buckingham Palace investiture ceremony, Anna Scher, founder and principal of a theatre school that bears her name, was awarded an MBE.
Perfectionist Charles - who himself has hosted many investiture ceremonies at Buckingham Palace - ordered that a sword be dispatched from London so the duke, 31, could get used to laying the blade on a shoulder.
The article also revealed that the Prince of Wales staged a dress rehearsal to teach Prince William the intricacies of hosting an investiture, and it included a sword being sent especially from London.
At a meeting, in September, between the Vice President of the Islamic Development Bank (IDB) and the high-ranking authorities of the Government of Mali on the occasion of the investiture ceremony of the newly elected President, HE Ibrahim Boubacar Keita, the officials commended the unique relationship and excellent cooperation of the IDB Group with Mali.
Academic investiture ceremonies are spectacles straight out of the Middle Ages, replete with regalia, medallions and scepters.
I argue that diplomatic ritual can be conducive to managing asymmetric power relations and that the Korean state and the Chinese state prior to the nineteenth century used the diplomatic ritual of investiture in a strategic manner as a signaling mechanism to manage the expectations of each side.
Amsterdam, April 30 (BNA)-- His Royal Highness Prince Salman bin Hamad Al Khalifa, Crown Prince, Deputy Supreme Commander and First Deputy Prime Minister, today participated in the investiture ceremony of His Majesty King Willem-Alexander of the Netherlands.
AS PRINCE Charles pledged loyalty to Wales, millions huddled around TVs to see his investiture.
However, the presentation had to be put off again as the French government postponed the investiture ceremony as a mark of respect to the victims of the Mumbai bomb blasts.