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A land area surrounded by water and remaining above sea level during high tide.

Land areas exposed only during low tide are called low-tide elevations or drying rocks, reefs, or shoals. The existence of islands has generated numerous disputes, centering primarily on the size of the territorial sea surrounding an island and the determination of what state has sovereignty over a particular island. The size of the territorial sea has become an important question affecting fishing rights and the right of unrestricted passage for foreign vessels. Although the territorial sea of an island is usually determined by reference to its coastal baseline, some adjustments have been recognized in the cases of archipelagoes and islands located close to the mainland.

Determination of what state has title to an island has traditionally depended upon an open and continuous assertion of sovereignty over the island, which is usually, but not always, accompanied by physical presence of some representative of the state.


Territorial Waters.

See: isolate

ISLAND. A piece of land surrounded by water.
     2. Islands are in the sea or in rivers. Those in the sea are either in the open sea, or within the boundary of some country.
     3. When new islands arise in the open sea, they belong to the first occupant: but when they are newly formed so near the shore as to be within the boundary of some state, they belong to that state.
     4. Islands which arise in rivets when in the middle of the stream, belong in equal parts to the riparian proprietors when they arise. mostly on one side, they will belong to the riparian owners up to the middle of the stream. Bract. lib. 2, c. 2; Fleta, lib. 3, c. 2, s. 6; 2 Bl. 261; 1 Swift's Dig. 111; Schult. Aq. R. 117; Woolr. on Waters: 38; 4 Pick. R. 268; Dougl. R. 441; 10 Wend. 260; 14 S. & R. 1. For the law of Louisiana, see Civil Code, art. 505, 507.
     5. The doctrine of the common law on this subject, founded on reason, seems to have been borrowed from the civil law. Vide Inst. 2, 1, 22; Dig. 41, 1, 7; Code, 7; 41, 1.

References in periodicals archive ?
The Islander News began publishing in 1966 and Owens joined the newspaper's staff in 1968, shortly after moving there from Chicago with her husband, Clyde, and three sons.
This workshop is the first step for many Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander businesses in Rockhampton to learn about government tenders and is a great opportunity to find out about other programs and services available to grow their businesses.
Achieving equity in education outcomes for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander students continues to be a key focus for educators across the country.
About 20 different Pacific Islander ethnicities live in the United States, from three distinct regions in the Pacific--Polynesia, Micronesia and Melanesia--encompassing islands as varied as Samoa, Fiji, Guam, New Zealand and the Caroline Islands.
After many years working with Aboriginal & Torres Strait Islander young people in youth support services, Nola decided to go it alone and start her own business.
On the sixth annual National Asian & Pacific Islander HIV/AIDS Awareness Day, we join with these communities in support of HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment.
Jeep, a subsidiary of Chrysler LLC (Chrysler), is unveiling its limited-edition Wrangler Islander at the 2010 New York International Auto Show.
LOS ANGELES -- Asian American/Pacific Islander high school students perceived sex to be riskier than did peers of other ethnicities and engaged in sex at much lower rates, in a study conducted in large public schools in Northern California.
The poor health status of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people is well known and well documented, with higher hospitalisation rates for most diseases (Australian Institute of Health and Welfare [AIHW] 2006) and a life expectancy that is approximately 20 years less than that of non-Aboriginal people (Australian Bureau of Statistics [ABS] 2006).
Nakata, a Torres Strait Islander with a doctorate in Education, casts a critical eye on what assorted academics and missionaries thought that they were accomplishing as they investigated and patronised the islander communities of the Torres Strait.
The Second Circuit Court of Appeals last month ruled that the Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection (CTDEP) had no legal basis for denying a water quality certificate to the Islander East Pipeline Company, L.
There is a constellation of considerations for counselors dealing with Asian American/ Pacific Islander clients.