jeopardy


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Related to jeopardy: Wheel of fortune

Jeopardy

Danger; hazard; peril. In a criminal action, the danger of conviction and punishment confronting the defendant.

A person is in jeopardy when he or she is placed on trial before a court of competent jurisdiction upon an indictment or information sufficient in form and substance to uphold a conviction, and a jury is charged or sworn. Jeopardy attaches after a valid indictment is found and a petit jury is sworn to try the case.

Cross-references

Double Jeopardy.

jeopardy

n. peril, particularly danger of being charged with or convicted of a particular crime. The U. S. Constitution guarantees in the Fifth Amendment that no one can "be put in jeopardy of life or limb" for the same offense. Thus, once a person as been acquitted, he/she may not be charged again for that crime. However, if there was mistrial, hung jury, or reversal of conviction on appeal (if not declared innocent in the ruling), the defendant may be charged with the crime again and tried again. In a few situations a defendant is not "in jeopardy" of being tried for a violation of a similar (but different) federal criminal (penal) statute based on some of the same circumstances as a state prosecution, such as violation of a murder victim's civil rights, as was done in the case against the killer of civil rights leader Medgar Evers. (See: double jeopardy)

jeopardy

noun crisis, danger, dangerous situation, endangerment, hazard, imperilment, insecurity, instability, menace, peril, perilousness, precariousness, risk, threat, uncertainty, unsafety, vulnerability
Associated concepts: double jeopardy, former jeopardy, placed in jeopardy
Foreign phrases: Nemo bis punitur pro eodem delicto.No one can be punished twice for the same offense.
See also: danger, hazard, peril, predicament, risk, threat, venture

jeopardy

see DOUBLE JEOPARDY.

JEOPARDY. Peril, danger. 2. This is the meaning attached to this word used in the act establishing and regulating the post office department. The words of the act are, "or if, in effecting such robbery of the mail the first time, the offender shall wound the person having the custody thereof, or put his life in jeopardy by the use of dangerous weapons, such offender shall suffer death." 3 Story's L. U. S. 1992. Vide Baldw. R. 93-95.
     3. The constitution declares that no person shall "for the same offence, be twice put in jeopardy of life and limb." The meaning of this is, that the party shall, not be tried a second time for the same offence after he has once been convicted or acquitted of the offence charged, by the verdict of a jury, and judgment has passed thereon for or against him; but it does not mean that he shall not be tried for the offence, if the jury have been discharged from necessity or by consent, without giving any verdict; or, if having given a verdict, judgment has been arrested upon it, or a new trial has been granted in his favor; for, in such a case, his life and limb cannot judicially be said to have been put in jeopardy. 4 Wash. C. C. R. 410; 9 Wheat. R. 579; 6 Serg. & Rawle, 577; 3. Rawle, R. 498; 3 Story on the Const. Sec. 1781. Vide 2 Sumn. R. 19. This great privilege is secured by the common law. Hawk. P. C., B. 2, 35; 4 Bl. Com. 335.
     4. This was the Roman law, from which it has been probably engrafted upon the common law. Vide Merl. Rep. art. Non bis in idem. Qui de crimine publico accusationem deductus est, says the Code, 9, 2, 9, ab alio super eodem crimine deferri non potest. Vide article Non bis in idem.

References in periodicals archive ?
Several procedures may minimize the negative effects of a jeopardy or termination assessment.
The IRS may grant a taxpayer an abatement of a jeopardy or termination assessment if it determines that the jeopardy does not in fact exist.
Many courts declare that the protection against double jeopardy is a fundamental right of man or universal law.
40) As Professor David Rudstein points out, however, the Roman law against double jeopardy operated quite differently from our modern conception of the doctrine due to the proliferation of private prosecutions.
When a trial ends without an acquittal or a conviction--as with a mistrial or hung jury--determining whether the double jeopardy prohibition applies becomes complicated.
This led to an investigation being set up and it recommended that the law of double jeopardy be changed if new evidence should emerge in a murder case.
Jeopardy, launched in Foothill Division 15 years ago, now operates in 11 of 18 LAPD divisions, including all six in the San Fernando Valley.
Mr Goldman said: "Once the law on double jeopardy changed, Cleveland Police and the CPS re-examined the case and I decided the DPP should be asked for his consent for the case to go before the Court of Appeal.
As a result of the Mings' efforts the new double jeopardy laws will apply in certain, very special cases, where new forensic evidence emerges, indicates a defendant's guilt, despite an earlier acquittal.
If I don't, my participation in the World Cup will be in jeopardy.
Wheeler, [30] the Supreme Court was asked whether tribal punishment and successive federal punishment amounted to a violation of the federal double jeopardy doctrine.
In this work Thomas lays out a singular theory of double jeopardy which seeks to simplify the many subrules of its doctrine.