trade union

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Trade Union

An organization of workers in the same skilled occupation or related skilled occupations who act together to secure for all members favorable wages, hours, and other working conditions.

Trade unions in the United States were first organized in the early nineteenth century. The main purpose of a trade union is to collectively bargain with employers for wages, hours, and working conditions. Until the 1930s trade unions were at a severe disadvantage with management, mainly because few laws recognized the right of workers to organize. With the passage of the National Labor Relations Act (Wagner Act) of 1935 (29 U.S.C.A. § 151 et seq.), the right of employees to form, join, or aid labor unions was recognized by the federal government.

Trade unions are entitled to conduct a strike against employers. A strike is usually the last resort of a trade union, but when negotiations have reached an impasse, a strike may be the only bargaining tool left for employees.

There are two principal types of trade unions: craft unions and industrial unions. Craft unions are composed of workers performing a specific trade, such as electricians, carpenters, plumbers, or printers. Industrial union workers include all workers in a specific industry, no matter what their trade, such as automobile or steel workers. In the United States, craft and industrial unions were represented by different national labor organizations until 1955. The craft unions that dominated the american federation of labor (AFL) opposed organizing industrial workers.

During the 1930s several AFL unions seeking a national organization of industrial workers formed the Committee for Industrial Organization (CIO). The CIO aggressively organized millions of industrial workers who labored in automobile, steel, and rubber plants. In 1938 the AFL expelled the unions that had formed the CIO. The CIO then formed its own organization and changed its name to Congress of Industrial Organizations. In 1955 the AFL and CIO merged into a single organization, the AFL-CIO.

Membership in U.S. trade unions has fallen since the 1950s, as the number of workers in the manufacturing sector of the U.S. economy has steadily declined. Union membership in 1995 comprised just 14.9 percent of the workforce, compared with a high of 34.7 percent in 1954.


Collective Bargaining; Labor Law.

trade union

an organization (whether permanent or temporary) that consists wholly or mainly of workers all in an organization whose principal purposes include the regulation of relations between workers and employers. It is not to be treated as a body corporate but it may sue or be sued in its own name. Special rights and privileges accrue to a union that is certified as independent by the Certification Officer, who must also maintain a list of unions. The main legal benefit a union has over other bodies is the immunity that it and its members and officials have against many tort actions. However, aside from the GOLDEN FORMULAE, which must be satisfied, recent restrictions require action that is sought to be immune to be founded upon open and fair balloting of members.
References in periodicals archive ?
The other Jewish women labor leaders supported themselves and their families and fought bitterly to be paid what their work was worth.
Thus, Labor Leaders in America admirably fulfills the role for which it was intended, as both a supplement to larger and more comprehensive works and as a less inclusive yet informative sketch on the respective leaders.
No labor leaders can transcend the character of the age of corporate power, whatever their effort or ideology, and for this they are not to blame.
2) Maria Elena Durazo and her sons, Michael and Mario, share an embrace during a memorial service for her husband, labor leader Miguel Contreras in Los Angeles on Thursday.
Cardinal Roger Mahony, who first met Contreras some 20 years ago in Central California, called the labor leader ``a great champion and leader.
Contreras, who had led the labor organization since 1996 and had more than three decades of labor experience, was the first Latino elected leader of the more than 100-year-old group and had emerged as one of a new breed of labor leaders - as comfortable in the boardroom as on the picket line.
The Pennsylvania labor leader pointed out that the Bush administration initially opposed the UMWA campaign and had vetoed a similar plan earlier this year.
Labor leaders are expected to explain the decision at today's council meeting.
County Federation of Labor leader Miguel Contreras urged the Metropolitan Transportation Authority to settle with the strikers who walked out more than three weeks ago.
Richard Alarcon, D-Van Nuys; and labor leaders such as Dolores Huerta, a co-founder of the UFW with Chavez, also spoke at the rally.
Since then, the city has taken to giving sort of subnames to a street, such as the portion of 9th Street passing the Los Angeles County Federation of Labor, AFL-CIO, that also has the name of James Wood Boulevard, after the late labor leader.
A university teacher, labor leader and immigrant rights activist, Corona was executive director of the Los Angeles-based Hermandad Mexicana Nacional, which provides legal and educational services to Latino immigrants.