land

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land

n. real property, real estate (and all that grows thereon), and the right to minerals underneath and the airspace over it. It may include improvements like buildings, but not necessarily. The owner of the land may give a long-term (like 99 years) lease to another with the right to build on it. The improvement is a "leasehold" for ownership of the right to use--without ownership of--the underlying land. The right to use the air above a parcel of land is subject to height limitations by local ordinance, state or federal law.

(See: real property, real estate)

land

noun property, real estate, seisin, terrain, tract
Associated concepts: abutting land, adjacent land, agreeeent to sell land, alienation of land, appurtenance to land, common lands, condemnation of land, contiguous land, contract of sale of land, convey an interest in land, covenants running with the land, easement, easement running with the land, equitable interest in land, high land, immrovements upon land, interest in land, land contract, land grant, land tax, lease of land, lien on land, raw land, right of way, subdivision of land, suit to recover land, survey of land, title in land, title in fee, trespass on land tract, undiiided land, unimproved land, vacant land, waste lands
See also: alight, circuit, curtilage, demesne, domain, estate, fee, freehold, holding, immovable, parcel, premises, property, real estate, realm, realty, region, territory

land

not only the physical surface of land but everything growing on or underneath that surface, anything permanently affixed to the surface (such as a building) and the airspace above that surface. It includes not only the soil or earth but always any water, a pond, for example, being regarded as land covered by water. Land may be divisible both horizontally and vertically; thus, ownership of the surface may be vested in one person while ownership of mines and minerals are vested in another. It is perfectly possible to have ‘flying freeholds’, where ownership of different storeys of the same building are vested in different persons. Scotland has a developed law of the tenement which has been given an even more coherent statutory basis in the twenty-first century.

LAND. This term comprehends any found, soil or earth whatsoever, as meadows, pastures, woods, waters, marshes, furze and heath. It has an indefinite extent upwards as well as downwards; therefore land, legally includes all houses and other buildings standing or built on it; and whatever is in a direct line between the surface and the centre of the earth, such as mines of metals and fossils. 1 Inst. 4 a; Wood's Inst. 120; 2 B1. Com. 18; 1 Cruise on Real Prop. 58. In a more confined sense, the word land is said to denote "frank tenement at the least." Shep. To. 92. In this sense, then, leaseholds cannot be said to be included under the word lands. 8 Madd. Rep. 635. The technical sense of the word land is farther explained by Sheppard, in his Touch. p. 88, thus: "if one be seised of some lands in fee, and possessed of other lands for years, all in one parish, and he grant all his lands in that parish (without naming them) in fee simple or for life; by this grant shall pass no, more but the lands he hath in fee simple." It is also said that land in its legal acceptation means arable land. 11 Co. 55 a. See also Cro. Car. 293; 2 P. Wms. 458, n.; 5 Ves. 476; 20 Vin. Ab. 203.
     2. Land, as above observed, includes in general all the buildings erected upon it; 9 Day, R. 374; but to this general rule there are some exceptions. It is true, that if a stranger voluntarily erect buildings on another's land, they will belong to the owner of the land, and will become a part of it; 16 Mass. R. 449; yet cases are, not wanting where it has been decided that such an erection, under peculiar circumstances, would be considered as personal property. 4 Mass. R. 514; 8 Pick. R. 283, 402; 5 Pick, R. 487; 6 N. H. Rep. 555; 2 Fairf. R. 371; 1 Dana, R. 591; 1 Burr. 144.

References in periodicals archive ?
It also required nations that signed on to clear land mines and assist victims.
Pentagon spokesman John Kirby said the United States has no land mines currently deployed around the globe but maintains an active stockpile of just over 3 million.
The way in which the land mines were placed in Ahim is one of the biggest inhibiting factors to their cleanup.
and international law restrict the use of land mines, while budget and logistical constraints at all levels limit the availability of nonpersistent scatterable mines and networked munitions.
A program to clear the country of land mines, unexploded ordinances and explosive remnants of war, dubbed Operation Emirates Solidarity after its main funder, got under way in 2000.
From its small Woodland Hills headquarters, the group works to help remove land mines and educate local populations in countries where the lasting effects of war remain.
Since the early 1990s, when the movement to ban land mines became widespread, forty mine-producing countries stopped producing, and millions of land mines have been destroyed, the result being that the casualty rates dropped from 26,000 people a year to between 15,000 and 20,000.
Kushwaha of the university's department of agricultural and bioresource engineering will receive a total of $605,000 over five years from the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC) and the Canadian Department of National Defence (DND) to develop efficient and cost-effective machines for clearing land mines.
He also is cofounder of the Landmine Survivors Network, whose seven overseas offices help those lucky enough not to be killed when they come in contact with a land mine.
As of Monday, only $34 million had been accounted for as contributions, but the amount almost doubled as participants of the conference apparently recognized that land mine removal is a basic aspect of the foundation of Afghan reconstruction, the official said.
A Japanese firm presented its weapon in the fight against land mines Monday when it displayed an anti-land mine machine to a group including Nicaraguan President Arnoldo Aleman at a military facility in Managua ahead of a land mine meeting to begin Tuesday in the Nicaraguan capital.
Hit search and you only find two entries under the VX land mine term, none under chemical agent land mines.

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