land

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land

n. real property, real estate (and all that grows thereon), and the right to minerals underneath and the airspace over it. It may include improvements like buildings, but not necessarily. The owner of the land may give a long-term (like 99 years) lease to another with the right to build on it. The improvement is a "leasehold" for ownership of the right to use--without ownership of--the underlying land. The right to use the air above a parcel of land is subject to height limitations by local ordinance, state or federal law.

(See: real property, real estate)

land

noun property, real estate, seisin, terrain, tract
Associated concepts: abutting land, adjacent land, agreeeent to sell land, alienation of land, appurtenance to land, common lands, condemnation of land, contiguous land, contract of sale of land, convey an interest in land, covenants running with the land, easement, easement running with the land, equitable interest in land, high land, immrovements upon land, interest in land, land contract, land grant, land tax, lease of land, lien on land, raw land, right of way, subdivision of land, suit to recover land, survey of land, title in land, title in fee, trespass on land tract, undiiided land, unimproved land, vacant land, waste lands
See also: alight, circuit, curtilage, demesne, domain, estate, fee, freehold, holding, immovable, parcel, premises, property, real estate, realm, realty, region, territory

land

not only the physical surface of land but everything growing on or underneath that surface, anything permanently affixed to the surface (such as a building) and the airspace above that surface. It includes not only the soil or earth but always any water, a pond, for example, being regarded as land covered by water. Land may be divisible both horizontally and vertically; thus, ownership of the surface may be vested in one person while ownership of mines and minerals are vested in another. It is perfectly possible to have ‘flying freeholds’, where ownership of different storeys of the same building are vested in different persons. Scotland has a developed law of the tenement which has been given an even more coherent statutory basis in the twenty-first century.

LAND. This term comprehends any found, soil or earth whatsoever, as meadows, pastures, woods, waters, marshes, furze and heath. It has an indefinite extent upwards as well as downwards; therefore land, legally includes all houses and other buildings standing or built on it; and whatever is in a direct line between the surface and the centre of the earth, such as mines of metals and fossils. 1 Inst. 4 a; Wood's Inst. 120; 2 B1. Com. 18; 1 Cruise on Real Prop. 58. In a more confined sense, the word land is said to denote "frank tenement at the least." Shep. To. 92. In this sense, then, leaseholds cannot be said to be included under the word lands. 8 Madd. Rep. 635. The technical sense of the word land is farther explained by Sheppard, in his Touch. p. 88, thus: "if one be seised of some lands in fee, and possessed of other lands for years, all in one parish, and he grant all his lands in that parish (without naming them) in fee simple or for life; by this grant shall pass no, more but the lands he hath in fee simple." It is also said that land in its legal acceptation means arable land. 11 Co. 55 a. See also Cro. Car. 293; 2 P. Wms. 458, n.; 5 Ves. 476; 20 Vin. Ab. 203.
     2. Land, as above observed, includes in general all the buildings erected upon it; 9 Day, R. 374; but to this general rule there are some exceptions. It is true, that if a stranger voluntarily erect buildings on another's land, they will belong to the owner of the land, and will become a part of it; 16 Mass. R. 449; yet cases are, not wanting where it has been decided that such an erection, under peculiar circumstances, would be considered as personal property. 4 Mass. R. 514; 8 Pick. R. 283, 402; 5 Pick, R. 487; 6 N. H. Rep. 555; 2 Fairf. R. 371; 1 Dana, R. 591; 1 Burr. 144.

References in periodicals archive ?
Remember that, following a 49-state defeat for the Democratic presidential candidate in 1972, Democrats still controlled both houses of Congress, and that, following another 49-state landslide defeat in 1984, they still controlled the House of Representatives.
KEITH HADNETT becomes an honorary Aussie at Downpatrick today when the Australian jump jockeys make a last-ditch attempt to save themselves from a landslide defeat in their match against their Irish counterparts, writes Michael Clower.
It was a major victory for Hollywood,'' said Gene La Pietra, head of the Hollywood Independence Committee, of the landslide defeat of Measure H.
Khatami's June 8 victory and the June 8 resignation of British opposition Conservative Party leader William Hague after his party's landslide defeat by new Labour of Tony Blair.
Protesters angry over the landslide defeat of the ruling Nationalist Party (KMT) in Saturday's election have begun winding down their siege of the KMT headquarters on rumors that Taiwan President Lee Teng-hui will resign imminently as KMT chairman.
Taiwan Vice President Lien Chan, who has just become the acting chairman of the Nationalist Party (KMT), urged party members Friday to immediately launch work for thorough reforms instead of dwelling on the party's landslide defeat in last week's presidential election.
In 1964, following the embarrassing landslide defeat of Republican presidential candidate Barry Goldwater--then considered an "extremist" --the mainstream of the party blamed the "radical right," and Goldwater organizers were left to form their own organization, the American Conservative Union.
England's Eoin Morgan It was an outcome which confounded almost all predictions after England had breezed through the group stages - while Pakistan began their campaign with a landslide defeat against India and sneaked into the last four only when they beat Sri Lanka by three wickets at this same venue two days ago.
2 In a climate where many of the polls say Labour are heading for a landslide defeat, Mr Corbyn reminded us he's beaten the odds before.
The ranking is the strongest the pollster has recorded since it began asking the question in the 1970s, outstripping Mrs Thatcher's peak of 48% shortly before her landslide defeat of Michael Foot in 1983 and Mr Blair's high point of 52% ahead of his emphatic 2001 election victory over William Hague.
But they suffered another landslide defeat seven days on from conceding 58 points against Ireland.