For motor skills, the learning is developed through practices and attitudes are learnt most effectively through the use of human models and "vicarious reinforcement".
In cognitivism, knowledge is learnt and changes in knowledge make changes in behaviour possible.
The basic principle of constructivism is that students learnt by "interacting" with learning materials rather than observing them.
Cooperative learning essentially involves at least one member of the group who 'knows' the content soon to be learnt by the other(s).
This new Model has four distinct stages, and is directly underpinned by Moore's  Theory of Transactional Distance which tries to measure the psychological distance between the student and the information to be learnt, an approach which has been widely accepted as an effective theory underlying and informing open and distance education.