lesion


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Related to lesion: Hill-Sachs lesion, Skin lesion

lesion

injury or loss. In the civil law jurisdictions the word is often used in the context of an ‘unfair’ loss, as where an adult takes advantage of a minor or someone purchases something for much less than it's worth.

LESION, contracts. In the civil law this term is used to signify the injury suffered, in consequence of inequality of situation, by one who does not receive a full equivalent for what he gives in a commutative contract.
     2. The remedy given for this injury, is founded on its being the effect of implied error or imposition; for in every commutative contract, equivalents are supposed to be given and received. Louis. Code, 1854. Persons of full age, however, are not allowed in point of law to object to their agreements as being injurious, unless the injury be excessive. Poth. Oblig. P. 1, c. 1, s. 1, art. 3, Sec. 4. But minors are admitted to restitution, not only against any excessive inequality, but against any inequality whatever. Poth. Oblig. P. 1, c. 1, s. 1, art. 3, Sec. 5; Louis. Code, art. 1858.
     3. Courts of chancery relieve upon terms of redemption and set aside contracts entered into by expectant heirs dealing for their expectancies, on the ground of mere inadequacy of price. 1 Vern. 167; 2 Cox, 80; 2 Cas. in Ch. 136; 1 Vern. 141; 2 Vern. 121; 2 Freem. 111; 2 Vent. 359; 2 Vern. 14; 2 Rep. in Ch. 396; 1 P. W. 312; 1 Bro. C. C. 7; 3 P. Wms. 393, n.; 2 Atk. 133; 2 Ves. 125; 1 Atk. 301; 1 Wils. 286; 1 Wils. 320; 1 Bro. P. 6. ed. Toml. 198; 1 Bro. C. C. 1; 16 Ves. 512; Sugd. on Vend. 231, n. k.; 1 Ball & B. 330; Wightw. 25; 3 Ves. & Bea. 117; 2 Swanst. R. 147, n.; Fonb. notes to the Treatise of Equity, B, 1, c. 2, s. 9. A contract cannot stand where the party has availed himself of a confidential situation, in order to obtain some selfish advantage. Note to Crowe v. Ballard. 1 Ves. jun. 125; 1 Hov. Supp. 66, 7. Note to Wharton v. May. 5 Ves. 27; 1 Hov. Supp. 378. See Catching bargain; Fraud; Sale.

References in periodicals archive ?
In such cases, the clinician can aspirate or biopsy the various elements in a lesion with the guidance of the elasticity software.
When an incidental bone lesion is found on standard radiograph, characterization of the lesion can be very helpful in determining if the lesion is benign or malignant.
The investigators were interested in determining the proportion of suspicious lesions that actually turned out to be malignant, so they examined the records of 400 Veterans Affairs patients with a single suspect lesion who were referred to dermatologists at two major academic medical centers and six community-based clinics between 2006 and 2009.
The lesion in the conchal area was excised along with conchal and external meatal skin; the conchal cartilage and perichondrium were preserved.
The physical examination revealed a healthy-appearing 50-year-old male with no medical concerns other than the skin lesion.
Untreated, the lesions progress to cervical cancer in a small percentage of women.
Between six and twelve weeks, the control group receiving the vehicle alone displayed a gradual decrease in lesion counts (a placebo effect seen frequently in acne studies), making the analyses beyond six weeks not statistically significant.
MS Lesion Project investigators have published findings showing that people with a specific pattern of tissue damage responded to plasma exchange therapy while others did not.
SmartFlow Multiple Lesion uses computational fluid dynamics to convert pressure measurements from a pressure wire into a complete hemodynamic picture of each stenotic lesion in a single artery containing multiple lesions.
Hairy leukoplakia is a white, shaggy-appearing, lesion that typically occurs on the lateral borders of the tongue.
A wart is a lesion caused by a virus that continues to grow in both depth and width.
When perceptual spatial deficits, including difficulty finding one's way around are due to a focal lesion of the right cerebral hemisphere, left hemisphere functioning may be intact; that is, language functions may remain unimpaired.