Significant differences among the groups were also found when the literal questions were added, and also when added inferential questions, it was observed that the total average of the sum of the questions was higher for inferential questions, suggesting lower performance for this type of question.
It was observed in Table 2, for expository text E2, the average of the macrostructure literal questions was higher than the average of macrostructure inference questions, indicating that this text the performance was lower for this type of question.
Significant differences among the groups were also observed in both expository texts, when literal questions were added, as when added inferential questions.
i] be associated with a genetic locus i and let the literals [0.
The reason p is written as c/2n is that there is a phase transition from satisfiable to unsatisfiable where the expected number of clauses is asymptotically equivalent to the number of literals 2n.
The set of literals and edges that can be reached from x is referred to as the out-graph [D.
It is not enough to understand the literal meaning of speech.
The standard model of figurative language processing--sometimes referred to as the "indirect" or "sequential" view--maintains that the brain initially analyzes passages for literal meaning and, if the literal interpretation makes no sense, then reprocesses the words for access to an appropriate figurative meaning.
In August of 2004 Alexander Rapp's team of German scientists published a report in Cognitive Brain Research titled "Neural Correlates of Metaphor Processing)' They used event-related fMRI technology to detect brain activity in sixteen healthy subjects as they read short, simple sentences with either a literal or a metaphorical meaning.
Together the literals and short displacements allow our methods to perform well on short files, files with major internal shifts of vocabulary or statistical properties, and files with bursts of poorly compressing material--all properties of a significant number of files in our environment.
Compressed files contain two types of codewords: literal x pass the next x charaters directly into the uncompressed output copy x, --y go back y characters in the output and copy x characters forward to the current position.
The compression achieved depends on the space required for the copy and literal codewords.