(redirected from lunar month)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to lunar month: lunar calendar

MONTH. A space of time variously computed, as it is applied to astronomical, civil or solar, or lunar months.
     2. The astronomical month contains one-twelfth part of the time employed by the sun in going through the zodiac. In law, when a month simply is mentioned, it is never understood to mean an astronomical month.
     3. The civil or solar month is that which agrees with the Gregorian calendar, and these months are known by the names of January, February, March, &c. They are composed of unequal portions of time. There are seven of thirty-one days each, four of thirty, and one which is sometimes composed of twenty-eight days, and in leap years, of twenty-nine.
     4. The lunar mouth is composed of twenty-eight days only. When a law is passed or contract made, and the month is expressly stated to be solar or civil, which is expressed by the term calendar month, or when it is expressed to be a lunar month, no difficulty can arise; but when time is given for the performance of an act, and the word month simply is used, so that the intention of the parties cannot be ascertained then the question arises, how shall the month be computed? By the law of England a month means ordinarily, in common contracts, as, in leases, a lunar month; a contract, therefore, made for a lease of land for twelve months, would mean a lease for forty-eight weeks only. 2 Bl. Com. 141; 6 Co. R. 62; 6 T. R. 224. A distinction has been made between "twelve months," and "a twelve-month;" the latter has been held to mean a year. 6 Co. R. 61.
     5. Among the Greeks and Romans the months were lunar, and probably the mode of computation adopted in the English law has been adopted from the codes of these countries. Clef des Lois Rom. mot Mois.
     6. But in mercantile contracts, a month simply signifies a calendar month; a promissory note to pay money in twelve months, would therefore mean a promise to pay in one year, or twelve calendar months. Chit. on Bills, 406; 1 John. Cas. 99; 3 B. & B. 187; 1 M. & S. 111; Story on Bills, Sec. 143; Story, P. N. Sec. 213; Bayl. on Bills, c. 7; 4 Kent, Comm. Sect. 56; 2 Mass. 170; 4 Mass. 460; 6 Watts. & Serg. 179.
     7. In general, when a statute Speaks of a month, without adding "calendar," or other words showing a clear intention, it shall be intended a lunar month. Com. Dig. Ann. B; 4 Wend. 512; 15 John. R. 358. See 2 Cowen, R. 518; Id. 605. In all legal proceedings, as in commitments, pleadings, &c. a month means four weeks. 3 Burr. R. 1455; 1 Bl. Rep. 450; Dougl. R. 446 463.
     8. In Pennsylvania and Massachusetts, and perhaps some other states, 1 Hill. Ab. 118, n., a month mentioned generally in a statute, has been construed to mean a calendar month. 2 Dall. R. 302; 4 Dall. Rep. 143; 4 Mass. R. 461; 4 Bibb. R. 105. In England, in the ecclesiastical law, months are computed by the calendar. 3 Burr. R. 1455; 1 M. & S. 111.
     9. In New York, it is enacted that whenever the term "month," or "months," is or shall be used in any statute, act, deed, verbal or written contract, or any public or private instrument whatever, it shall be construed to mean a calendar, and not a lunar month; unless otherwise expressed. Rev. Stat. part 1, c. 19, tit. 1, Sec. 4. Vide, generally, 2 Sim. & Stu. 476; 2 A. K. Marsh. Rep. 245; 3 John. Ch. Rep. 74; 2 Campb. 294; 1 Esp. R. 146; 6 T. R. 224; 1 M. & S. 111; 3 East, R. 407; 4 Moore, 465; 1 Bl. Rep. 150; 1 Bing. 307; S. C. 8 Eng. C. L. R. 328;. 1 M. & S. 111; 1 Str. 652; 6 M. & S. 227; 3 Brod. & B. 187; S. C. 7 Eng. C. L. R. 404.

References in periodicals archive ?
He argued how can Muslims rely on astronomy to determine times of Prayers, while they do not embrace the same tools for determining the beginning of the fasting and other lunar months.
Chinese set off fireworks, display lanterns for the Lantern Festival, which falls on the 15th day of the first lunar month.
In a statement, the Royal Court said the Supreme Court, meeting this evening in Taif to determine whether Ramadan this year falls tomorrow or after tomorrow, announced that nobody have reported having seen the moon of the new lunar month this evening, so it was decided to consider Tuesday, tomorrow, as the complementary day of the current month of Shban and that Wednesday will be the first day of Ramadan 1434 H.
The Lunar month days are shorter than the solar month day.
The warning by the Interior Ministry was announced as Muslims started on Friday a lunar month of fasting and prayer.
com calculations are made concerning where the crescent moon sighting is possible with the naked eye for every lunar month.
In its most recent report, the Almadinah Almunawarah-based facility said 70,412 copies of the holy book, 290,000 copies of chapters of the holy book, 3566 copies of recitations by prominent Quran reciters, 17084 copies of parts of the Quran translations in different foreign languages and 122092 copies of other religious books were distributed in the last lunar month (Zulhijja 1433 H.
The lunar month is decided in most Muslim countries upon the sighting of the crescent, and not on astronomical calculations.
Allahabad/ Kolkata, Jan 28 ( ANI ): Devotees across the country celebrated 'Basant Panchami' on Saturday with full enthusiasm as the colour yellow filled the air and welcomed the onset of spring on the fifth day of the lunar month of 'Magh'.
studies to look out for the crescent of the new lunar month of "Shawwal" to
Hag Al Lailah is celebrated annually in mid-Sha'aban, the eighth lunar month, by people in preparation for the arrival of Ramadan two weeks later.
On this day, known as the first turning wheel of Dharma (a natural law), on the fourth day of Tibetan Lunar month, Lord Buddha gave his first teachings on 'Four Noble Truths' to the five disciples at Sarnath in Uttar Pradesh.