Manor

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Manor

A house, a dwelling, or a residence.

Historically under English Law, a manor was a parcel of land granted by the king to a lord or other high ranking person. Incident to every manor was the right of the lord to hold a court called the court baron, which was organized to maintain and enforce the services and duties that were owed to the lord of the manor. The lands that constituted the manor holdings included terrae tenementales, Latin for "tenemental lands," and terrae dominicales, Latin for "demesne lands." The lord gave the tenemental lands to his followers or retainers in freehold. He retained part of the demesne lands for his own use but gave part to tenants in copyhold—those who took possession of the land by virtue of the evidence or copy in the records of the lord's court. A portion of the demesne lands, called the lord's waste, served as public roads and common pasture land for the lord and his tenants.

The word manor also meant the privilege of having a manor with the jurisdiction of a court baron and the right to receive rents and services from the copyholders.

Cross-references

Feudalism.

See: demesne, domain, dominion, homestead

MANOR, estates. This word is derived from the French manoir, and signifies, a house, residence, or habitation. At present its meaning is more enlarged, and includes not only a dwelling-house, but also lands. Vide Co. Litt. 58, 108; 2 Roll. Ab. 121 Merl. Repert. mot Manoir. See Serg. Land Laws of Pennsyl. 195.
     2. By the English law, a manor is a tract of land originally granted by the king to a person of rank, part of which was given by the grantee to his followers, and the rest lie retained under the name of his demesnes; that which remained uncultivated was called the lord's waste, and served for public roads and common of pasture for the lord and his tenants.

References in periodicals archive ?
Mr Ap Iorwerth said he was "disappointed" with the Government's response and said it does not take into consideration "the anxiety" manorial rights have caused on the island.
Manorial accounts, and linguistic evidence indicate that the Anglo-Normans had a profound impact on horticulture in this region but it is remarkable to be presented with an actual medieval garden such as that revealed at Cookstown, Co.
People were fined for playing bowls [in Temple Balsall] in the 1620s," Neil Bettridge, manorial documents project officer for Warwickshire County Council, said.
His introductory section on manorial culture explains the three main forms of land tenure at the time: freehold, copyhold, and leasehold.
23) Other manorial officials, such as the reeve and hayward, were elected from among the tenants themselves to assist the steward.
The Manorial Documents Rules still define the classes of manorial record eligible for inclusion: all records of the manorial court and of economic administration of the manor are included, but not deeds or title papers.
The manorial courts, on the one hand, did not frequently address husband desertion, although marital disputes in one form or another regularly appeared in these courts.
In 2000 his company bought the manorial rights of Uwchterfyn from the University of Wales which included parts of St Asaph common.
Although earlier debates had starkly opposed a manorial, subsistence economy to one based on towns and market exchanges, the more nuanced view articulated here sees the manor itself as economically dynamic.
Those threads (seven chapters in all) truly speak to black identity in the Hudson Valley, and add to the existing historiography such as my Long Hammering (1994) and On the Morning Tide (2003), as well as Sung Bok Kim's Landlord and Tenant in Colonial New York: Manorial Society, 1664-1775 (1978), and Thomas Wermuth's Rip Van Winkle's Neighbors: The Transformation of Rural Society in the Hudson River Vailey, 1720-1850 (2001).
Manhandling previous scholarship, Levine here treats analyses of Carolingian manorial records as describing peasant life several centuries later, and cites inquisitorial reconstructions of Montaillard testimony and Christine de Pizan as sources for northern European peasant attitudes toward sex and marriage.