In both these cases, the masculine term derives from Greek, and the feminine one from Latin.
A brief sample for the brave reader: aigle 'eagle' will be masculine when referring to the living bird, but feminine when referring to the bird in heraldry.
To these he adds two lists of transsexual nouns: those that were masculine and are now feminine, and the other way around (masculine went to feminine: affaire, alarme, comete, date, epigramme, erreur, image, and populace; feminine went to masculine, such as: acte, caprice, exemple, horoscope, losange, poison, and silence).
Here I do not address recent developments in the French language in the area of the feminization of nouns referring to professions occupied by women, for example, by the creation of a feminine article for nouns previously masculine only (le ministre and now la ministre for a woman M.
Speakers of languages with gendered nouns are not necessarily better off, since a given item may be feminine in one language and masculine in the other: for example, the word for sun is feminine in German die Sonne, and masculine in French, le soleil.
People in power (who are mostly masculine men) mentor, encourage, and advance people who are most like themselves.
The purpose of this study is twofold: first, to investigate whether the stereotypical masculine orientation exists to a significant extent in academic accounting via an inquiry into the masculine/feminine sex-role characteristics of accounting faculty with respect to new hires (assistant professors) and advancement (associate and full professors), and, second, to examine the level of job satisfaction of male and female accounting faculty relative to their sex-role orientation and academic rank.
The current study utilized two widely accepted instruments--the Bem Sex-Role Inventory (BSRI) and the Job Descriptive Index (JDI)--to first measure the masculine and feminine characteristics of university accounting professors and then to determine whether or not the masculinity and femininity scores of the BSRI correlate positively with levels of job satisfaction.
Charging that sex-typing traditionally treated masculinity and femininity as mutually exclusive, Bem (1974) developed a sex-role inventory that characterizes a person as masculine, feminine, androgynous, or undifferentiated as a function of the difference between his or her endorsement of masculine and feminine personality characteristics.