Infanticide

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INFANTICIDE, med. juris. The murder of a new born infant, Dalloz, Dict. Homicide, Sec. 4; Code Penal, 300. There is a difference between this offence and those known by the name of prolicide, (q.v.) and foeticide. (q.v.)
     2. To commit infanticide the child must be wholly born; it is not. Sufficient that it was born so far as the head and breathed, if it died before it was wholly born. 5 Carr. & Payn. 329; 24 Eng. C. L. Rep. 344; S. C. 6 Carr: & Payn. 349; S. C. 25 Eng. C. L. Rep. 433.
     3. When this crime is to be proved from circumstances, it is proper to consider whether the child had attained that size and maturity by which it would have been enabled to maintain an independent existence; whether it was born alive; and, if born alive, by what means it came to its death. 1 Beck's Med. Jur. 331 to 428, where these several questions are learnedly considered. See also 1 Briand, Med Leg. prem. part. c. 8 Cooper's Med. Jur. h.t. Vide Ryan's Med. Jur. 137; Med. Jur. 145, 194; Dr. Cummin's Proof of Infanticide considered Lecieux, Considerations Medico-legales sur l'Infanticide; Duvergie, Medicine Legale, art. Infanticide.

References in periodicals archive ?
Meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS) is a problem found all over the world, irrespective of race and ethnicity.
a) Meconium staining of liquor or staining of nails or umbilical cord or skin.
The possibility of umbilical cord compression, uteroplacental insufficiency and meconium staining of liquor in oligohydramnios advocates early attempts on delivery10 compared to pregnancies with no oligohydramnios.
8% patients in the misoprostol group demonstrated thin meconium and 19.
Pediatric surgical issues in meconium disease and cystic fibrosis.
There are many established perinatal risk factors for developing PPHN like post maturity, nonvertex presentation, fetal distress, cesarean section, meconium staining of the amniotic fluid or aspiration, neonatal sepsis, and pneumonia.
The patient had normally descended testes and did not have any difficulty in the neonatal nursery, such as delayed passage of meconium or signs of bowel obstruction.
It is foetal distress which occurs after babies breathe in a mixture of meconium or early faeces and amniotic fluid around the time of delivery.
Meconium aspiration - usually a sign of fetal distress - and other respiratory problems that necessitate a baby being placed on a ventilator can generally be treated successfully, but the study offers new paths for future research about the long-term health of children born in the wake of stressful events such as hurricanes.
The patients with gestational age more than 37 weeks who presented with meconium stained liquor and cephalic presentation were included and the foetal outcome and mode of delivery was assessed in all such subjects.
If the infant has no life-threatening known causes of pulmonary hypertension--such as meconium aspiration, sepsis, congenital heart disease, or diaphragmatic hernia--the chance of a full recovery is high.