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Even so, Baring-Gould's book is a good read, with a succinct look at metempsychosis in various branches of mythology, heading into the hairy folk and on to the creatures that look superficially human.
One did not need a belief in metempsychosis to grasp these connections.
In the case of Plato, we probably wouldn't be too tempted to see insouciance--the Pindar fragment does seem genuinely to be talking about immortal souls and metempsychosis in a straightforward enough way.
Regarding his positions on the afterlife, Schmidtke's analysis that he taught metempsychosis cannot be substantiated.
A belief in metempsychosis seems to have been a feature of ancient Pythagoreanism and remained surprisingly persistent, mutating not only into various forms in Western thought but, in conjunction with Indian conceptions of reincarnation, spreading into the Islamic world, where theologians and philosophers sought to suppress it for centuries.
The school also insisted on the immortality of the soul, doing so through a doctrine of metempsychosis.
Here, the narrators of these tales in the Middle Ages--and especially theologians--had to avoid any hint of metempsychosis (perhaps why Bernard and others clung so hard to hybridity).
Looking past its bitter satire to the genres of metempsychosis and triumph, Herendeen stresses the poem's placement at the beginning of the 1633 edition just before "La Corona" and the Holy Sonnets.
93) One has to know that the Alevis believe in tenasuh or metempsychosis, the passing of the soul after death into another body.
This recalls Fernando Pessoa's experience of the almost spiritual possession that caused him to write in the voice of a different personality or heteronym, the metempsychosis he describes so triumphantly in his famous letter to Adolfo Casais Monteiro:
to the more learned the following can indeed seem the principal cause of this transformation and an extremely probable one, namely so that under this mystic pretext, our Apuleius, an expert in Pythagorean and Platonic philosophy, might demonstrate the teachings of both masters and introduce in a concealed way under the cover of this frivolous narrative palingenesis and metempsychosis, that is rebirth and transformation.
By gilgul, I mean various forms of metempsychosis detailed by Harris Lenowitz (see note 18, at pp.