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noun abortion, abortive attempt, abortive effort, bad behavior, breakdown, cadere, collapse, default, defeat, disappointment, downfall, failure, fiasco, frustration, futile effort, hopeless failure, ineffectiveness, innffectual attempt, loss, lost labor, misadventure, mischance, misconduct, misfire, mistake, negative reeult, noncompletion, nonfulfillment, nonperformance, overthrow, parum procedere, perdition, rout, ruin, secus procedere, stoppage, successlessness, total loss, unlawful act, unproductivity, vain attempt, vain effort
Associated concepts: miscarriage of justice
See also: accident, disaster, failure, misfortune

MISCARRIAGE, med. jurisp. By this word is technically understood the expulsion of the ovum or embryo from the uterus within the first six weeks after conception; between that time and before the expiration of the sixth month, when the child may possibly live, it is termed abortion. When the delivery takes place soon after the sixth month, it is denominated premature labor. But the criminal act of destroying the foetus at any time before birth, is termed in law, procuring miscarriage. Chit. Med. Jur. 410; 2 Dunglison's Human Physiology, 364. Vide Abortion; Foetus.

MISCARRIAGE, contracts, torts. By the English statute of frauds, 29, C. II., c. 3, s. 4, it is enacted that "no action shall be brought to charge the defendant upon any special promise to answer for the debt, default, or miscarriage of another person, unless the agreement," &c. "shall be in writing," &c. The word miscarriage, in this statute comprehends that species of wrongful act, for the consequences of which the law would make the party civilly responsible. The wrongful riding the horse of another, without his leave or license, and thereby causing his death, is clearly an act for which the party is responsible in damages, and therefore, falls within the meaning of the word miscarriage. 2 Barn. & Ald. 516; Burge on Sur. 21.

References in periodicals archive ?
B3 has the potential to prevent miscarriage or birth defects
The study found that five broad classes of antibiotics - macrolides, quinolones, tetracyclines, sulfonamides and metronidazole - were linked with an increased risk of miscarriage during early pregnancy.
The focus will be to improve the screening of women at risk of recurrent miscarriage by developing new endometrial tests.
Ms Fitzgerald said her second and third pregnancies gave her perspective on her tragic miscarriages.
Having a miscarriage is the death of a child and it impacts upon whole families.
Disease Activity Score based on 28 joints (DAS28) was higher 6 and 12 weeks after miscarriage than before pregnancy, with 33% of women having a disease flare after miscarriage.
Since the 32-year-old brunette was never pregnant, all miscarriage talks are all a bunch of hearsays with no proof whatsoever.
They said: "It was a weekend when Kierston had the miscarriage.
I would advise any woman who is concerned to call the hotline number 0800 952 0244 or contact the Miscarriage Association for advice.
Results showed an increased hazard of miscarriage but no increased prevalence of having offspring with malformations among women taking clarithromycin in early pregnancy.