Municipal

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Municipal

In its narrower and more common sense, pertaining to a local governmental unit, commonly a city or town. In its broader sense, pertaining to the public or governmental affairs of a state, nation, or of a people. Relating to a state or nation, particularly when considered as an entity independent of other states or nations.

municipal

adj. referring to an incorporated or chartered city or town.

See: civic, civil, local, public

LAW, MUNICIPAL. Municipal law is defined by Mr. Justice Blackstone to be "a rule of civil conduct prescribed by the supreme power in a state, commanding what is right and prohibiting what is wrong." This definition has been criticised, and has been perhaps, justly considered imperfect. The latter part has been thought superabundant to the first; see Mr. Christian's note; and the first too general and indefinite, and too limited in its signification to convey a just idea of the subject. See Law, civil. Mr. Chitty defines municipal law to be "a rule of civil conduct, prescribed by the supreme power in a state, commanding what shall be done or what shall not be done." 1 Bl. Com. 44, note 6, Chitty's edit.
     2. Municipal law, among the Romans, was a law made to govern a particular city or province; this term is derived from the Latin municipium, which among them signified a city which was governed by its own laws, and which had its own magistrates.

MUNICIPAL. Strictly, this word applies only to what belongs to a city. Among the Romans, cities were called municipia; these cities voluntarily joined the Roman republic in relation to their sovereignty only, retaining, their laws, their liberties, and their magistrates, who were thence called municipal magistrates. With us this word has a more extensive meaning; for example, we call municipal law, not the law of a city only, but the law of the state. 1 Bl. Com. Municipal is used in contradistinction to international; thus we say an offence against the law of nations is an international offence, but one committed against a particular state or separate community, is a municipal offence.

References in periodicals archive ?
While the Internet systems in Paragould and Conway are municipally owned, the operating companies are nonprofits--an organizational structure that can benefit the end user.
Under the bill, a municipally owned power utility would be able to make an irrevocable election about its approach to future financing.
The largest municipally owned utility in the nation, the LADWP was established more than 100 years ago to provide water and electricity to meet the needs of the city's residents and businesses.
The cable industry disagrees, saying competition is growing from satellite providers, phone companies and municipally owned cable TV systems.
Said Wolfe, "When you look at Consumers Power's stated goals and their actions, it is clear they are trying to take over the municipally owned electric utilities in Michigan by taking their customers until it drives them out of business.
Cain is manager of the only municipally operated fish hatchery in Ontario.
DALLAS -- Allegro Development today announced that CPS Energy, the nation's largest municipally owned energy company providing both natural gas and electric service, has deployed Allegro's natural gas transaction management software to support its natural gas supply function.
Many cities with municipally owned power departments are reeling amid deregulation.
27 /PRNewswire/ -- California's ongoing budget problems will force more counties and cities statewide to sell municipally owned airports, golf courses, hospitals and jails to private buyers, according to a leading mergers and acquisitions adviser.
We are pleased to have the opportunity to work with The City of Minneapolis to provide efficient parking management solutions for one of the country's largest municipally owned parking systems," said Thomas Barnett, president of Ampco System Parking.
Perelman has been nominated to be president and chief executive officer of the municipally owned utility.
As the DWP leadership, mayor and the City Council struggle to make radical changes in the municipally operated utility, a lot of their lack of success can be tied back to charter and court provisions that make the firing of any city employee nearly impossible.