Municipal

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Municipal

In its narrower and more common sense, pertaining to a local governmental unit, commonly a city or town. In its broader sense, pertaining to the public or governmental affairs of a state, nation, or of a people. Relating to a state or nation, particularly when considered as an entity independent of other states or nations.

municipal

adj. referring to an incorporated or chartered city or town.

See: civic, civil, local, public

LAW, MUNICIPAL. Municipal law is defined by Mr. Justice Blackstone to be "a rule of civil conduct prescribed by the supreme power in a state, commanding what is right and prohibiting what is wrong." This definition has been criticised, and has been perhaps, justly considered imperfect. The latter part has been thought superabundant to the first; see Mr. Christian's note; and the first too general and indefinite, and too limited in its signification to convey a just idea of the subject. See Law, civil. Mr. Chitty defines municipal law to be "a rule of civil conduct, prescribed by the supreme power in a state, commanding what shall be done or what shall not be done." 1 Bl. Com. 44, note 6, Chitty's edit.
     2. Municipal law, among the Romans, was a law made to govern a particular city or province; this term is derived from the Latin municipium, which among them signified a city which was governed by its own laws, and which had its own magistrates.

MUNICIPAL. Strictly, this word applies only to what belongs to a city. Among the Romans, cities were called municipia; these cities voluntarily joined the Roman republic in relation to their sovereignty only, retaining, their laws, their liberties, and their magistrates, who were thence called municipal magistrates. With us this word has a more extensive meaning; for example, we call municipal law, not the law of a city only, but the law of the state. 1 Bl. Com. Municipal is used in contradistinction to international; thus we say an offence against the law of nations is an international offence, but one committed against a particular state or separate community, is a municipal offence.

References in periodicals archive ?
Conway also started a municipally owned Internet system shortly after the Telecommunications Act passed.
With 80 percent of the water and wastewater systems still in government control, the purchase of municipally owned systems such as Kidder Township is an area of great growth potential.
Municipally owned utilities have a difficult and legitimate problem with their outstanding tax-exempt bonds that needs to be positively resolved in order to facilitate the transition by many states to truly effective retail competition in electricity.
Customers of municipally run utilities in Los Angeles, Burbank, Glendale and the Imperial Valley were not affected by the emergency.
Whenever the outside temperature falls below a municipally prescribed level, a time controller turns the boiler on.
Network is one of the nation's largest municipally owned telecommunications systems.
Prior Information Notice without call for competition: Provision of Cleaning and sanitary supplies and replacement of hygienic containers of schools, buildings and sports facilities municipally owned assigned to the district of san blas-canillejas.
The DWP, the nation's largest municipally owned utility, annually transfers 5 percent of its revenue to the city, an amount equal to what it would pay in city taxes if it were a private utility.
Cain is manager of the only municipally operated fish hatchery in Ontario.
Prior Information Notice without call for competition: Comprehensive maintenance of buildings, schools and sports facilities municipally owned assigned to the district of carabanchel.
The cable industry disagrees, saying competition is growing from satellite providers, phone companies and municipally owned cable TV systems.
The largest municipally owned utility in the nation, the LADWP was established more than 100 years ago to provide water and electricity to meet the needs of the city's residents and businesses.