not guilty


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not guilty

n. 1) plea of a person who claims not to have committed the crime of which he/she is accused, made in court when arraigned (first brought before a judge) or at a later time set by court. The choices of what one can plea are: guilty, not guilty, no contest, not guilty by reason of insanity, or incompetent to stand trial. 2) verdict after trial by judge sitting without a jury or by jury (unanimous decision in all but two states, which allow a verdict by only 10 of the jurors), stating that the prosecution has not proved the defendant guilty of crime or that it believes the accused person was insane at the time crime was committed. The accused cannot be tried for again for the crime charged. (See: plea, arraignment, not guilty by reason of insanity)

not guilty

adjective above suspicion, blameless, clean-handed, exculpable, faultless, free from guilt, guiltless, impeccable, incorrupt, inculpable, innocent, not responsible, sinless, unblemished, unimpeachable
Associated concepts: plea of not guilty
See also: acquitted, blameless, clean, clear, inculpable, irreprehensible

not guilty

the verdict of a court that a person is not, in law or in fact, responsible for the crime charged against him. See GUILTY, NOT PROVEN.

NOT GUILTY, pleading. The general issue in several sorts of actions. It is the general issue.
     2. In trespass, its form is as follows: "And the said C D, by E F, his attorney, comes and defends the, force and injury, when, &c., and says, that he is not guilty of the said trespasses above laid to his charge, or any part thereof, in the manner and form as the said A B hath above complained. And of this the said C D puts himself upon the country."
     3. Under this issue the defendant may give in evidence any matter which directly controverts the truth of any allegation, which the plaintiff on such general issue will be bound to prove; 1 B. & P. 213; and no person is bound to justify who is not, prima facie, a trespasser. 2 B. & P. 359: 2 Saund. 284, d. For example, the plea of not guilty is proper in trespass to persons, if the defendant have committed no assault, battery, or imprisonment, &c.; and in trespass to personal property, if the plaintiff had no property in the goods, or the defendant were not guilty of taking them, &c.; and in trespass to real property, this plea not only puts in issue the fact of trespass, &c, but also the title, which, whether freehold or possessory in the defendant, or a person under whom he claims, may be given in evidence under it, which matters show, prima facie, that the right of possession, which is necessary in trespass, is not in the plaintiff, but in the defendant or the person under whom he justifies. 8 T. R. 403; 7 T. R. 354; Willes, 222; Steph. PI. 178; 1 Chit. PI. 491, 492.
     4. In trespass on the case in general, the formula is as follows: "And the said C D, by E F his attorney, comes and defends the wrong and injury when, &c., and says, that he is not guilty of the premises above laid to his charge, in manner and form as the said A B hath above complained. And of this the said C D puts himself on the country."
     5. This, it will be observed, is a mere traverse, or denial, of the facts alleged in the declaration; and therefore, on principle, should be applied only to cases in which the defence rest's on such denial. But here a relaxation has taken place, for under this plea, a defendant is permitted not only to contest the truth of the declaration, but with some exceptions, to prove any matter of defence, that tends to show that the plaintiff has no cause of action, though such matters be in confession and avoidance of the declaration; as, for example, a release given, or satisfaction made. Steph. Pl. 182-3; 1 Chit. Pi. 486.
     6. In trover. It is not usual in this action to plead any other plea, except the statute of limitations; and a release, and the bankruptcy of the plaintiff, may be given in evidence under the general issue. 7 T. R. 391
     7. In debt on a judgment suggesting a devastavit, an executor may plead not guilty. 1 T. R. 462.
     8. In criminal cases, when the defendant wishes to put himself on his trial, he pleads not guilty.

References in periodicals archive ?
Dene Long, 19, of Iona Place, Walker, pleaded not guilty to the conspiracy but guilty to being concerned in the supply of cocaine.
According to the Guardian, she pleaded not guilty to five charges relating to three separate police investigations on Wednesday at Southwark crown court.
Evangelidis, R-Holden, whose district includes Princeton, where the Odgren family lives, is the sponsor of a bill that would prohibit the plea of not guilty by reason of insanity.
Pryce, wearing a black suit and open-necked white shirt, entered a not guilty plea to this charge.
VERDICT: Not guilty # ACCUSED: Ken Mackintosh CHARGE: Failed to declare hospitality from McDonald's after a charity football match.
Mitchell, of Sefton Road, Litherland, pleaded not guilty to conspiracy to corrupt O'Leary between July and February 2004 by offering him financial rewards in exchange for police information.
Cain Simeon Mackenzie, 20, of Clive Street, Grangetown, and Matthew Alvin Tomlin, 21, of Eleanor Place, Butetown, also pleaded not guilty to the same offences.
With Not Guilty, Asim provides an opening into the hearts of black
Defence lawyer Saul Holt, SC, affirmed in court that his client was pleading not guilty to murder and not guilty to two charges of rape.
Iouri Mikhel, 41, of Encino and Jurijus Kadamovas, 39, of Sherman Oaks have pleaded not guilty to federal charges that include conspiracy and hostage-taking resulting in death.
O'Leary, of Shirley Road, Allerton, pleaded not guilty to 27 charges of corruption and to one charge of conspiracy to pervert the course of justice.
RUGBY star Phil Booth has pleaded not guilty to inflicting grievous bodily harm on a man in a Porthcawl pub.