objection

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Objection

A formal attestation or declaration of disapproval concerning a specific point of law or procedure during the course of a trial; a statement indicating disagreement with a judge's ruling.

Some laws provide that an appeal to a higher tribunal can be based only upon errors objected to during the course of a trial conducted in a lower court. An error that initially slips by without any objection by the party's counsel cannot subsequently be set forth as a reason for the appeals court to overturn the original decision in a particular case. The making of objections in open court during the course of a proceeding is important so that on appeal, the appellate court can evaluate the record of the lower court action.

The Federal Rules of Evidence, the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, and the Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure govern the making of objections in federal actions. Comparable state provisions apply to state proceedings.

Cross-references

Civil Procedure; Evidence.

objection

a lawyer's protest about the legal propriety of a question which has been asked of a witness by the opposing attorney, with the purpose of making the trial judge decide if the question can be asked. A proper objection must be based on one of the specific reasons for not allowing a question. These include: irrelevant, immaterial, incompetent (often stated together, which may mean the question is not about the issues in the trial, or the witness is not qualified to answer), hearsay (the answer would be what someone told the witness and is not what he/she knew first-hand), leading (putting words in the mouth of one's own witness), calls for a conclusion (asking for opinion, not facts), compound question (two or more questions asked together), or lack of foundation (referring to a document lacking testimony as to authenticity or source). An objection must be made quickly and loudly to halt the witness before he/she answers. The judge will either "sustain" the objection (ruling out the question) or "overrule" it (allow the question). The judge may ask for an "offer of proof" in which the lawyer asking the question must explain to the court the reason the question is relevant, and what evidence his/her questions will bring out. Badly worded, confusing or compound questions are usually challenged by an objection to the form of the question, which is essentially a demand that the question be withdrawn and reworded. An attorney may "object" to a witness's answer as "nonresponsive" to the question, but the proper request should be that the answer or a comment without a question be "stricken" from the record. (See: object, hearsay, irrelevant, immaterial, incompetent, compound question, sustain)

objection

noun adverse argument, adverse charge, adverse comment, adverse reason, challenge, contradictio, counterargument, countercharge, criticism, denunciation, difference, disagreement, disapprobation, disapproval, dissatisfaction, dissent, exception, expostulation, grievance, opposition, protest, quod contra dicitur, reason for disapproval, rebuke, rejection, remonstrance, reservation
Associated concepts: frivolous objection, general objection, grounds for an objection, oral objection, overrule an objeccion, preservation of an objection, specific objection, sustain an objection, technical objection, waiver, written objection
See also: admonition, blame, complaint, condemnation, criticism, demurrer, denial, disadvantage, disagreement, disapprobation, disapproval, disparagement, dissent, drawback, grievance, ground, misgiving, negation, nonconformity, opposition, outcry, reaction, rejection, reluctance, remonstrance, reprimand, reproach, scruple, stricture

objection

1 an intervention by counsel contending that a question by opposing counsel is improper and should be disallowed or that a document or production or label or exhibit sought to be tendered by another party should not be received.
2 an objection in point of law is a form of pleading by a defendant in his defence that raises an issue of law. When raised, the court may order this to be tried as a preliminary point of law.
3 objection to indictment is a procedure in which the accused objects to the indictment on legal grounds.
4 in planning and licensing matters, applications have to be intimated and advertised, and those entitled to oppose and who do oppose are frequently called objectors.
References in classic literature ?
And when it comes to sleeping with an unknown stranger, in a strange inn, in a strange town, and that stranger a harpooneer, then your objections indefinitely multiply.
I'm to come to-morrow, and hear more of her views -- if you have no objection.
And here I may say that I have never to this day understood objections which were afterwards raised against my early attachment to print.
Your objections to such an attempt, my dear Doctor, were, you may remember, two-fold.
Josephs, whose faith was simple, retired to pray, and did good, as far as it went, by withdrawing one voice from the din of plans, objections, and suggestions which the rest were making; each person trying to be heard above the others.
Squalling was the word for it; Pew's anger rose so high at these objections till at last, his passion completely taking the upper hand, he struck at them right and left in his blindness and his stick sounded heavily on more than one.
When I had put an end to these long discources, his majesty, in a sixth audience, consulting his notes, proposed many doubts, queries, and objections, upon every article.
If such men will make a firm and solemn pause, and meditate dispassionately on the importance of this interesting idea; if they will contemplate it in all its attitudes, and trace it to all its consequences, they will not hesitate to part with trivial objections to a Constitution, the rejection of which would in all probability put a final period to the Union.
A few observations on this subject will be the more proper, as it is perceived that the adversaries of the new Constitution are availing themselves of the prevailing prejudice with regard to the practicable sphere of republican administration, in order to supply, by imaginary difficulties, the want of those solid objections which they endeavor in vain to find.
He has, therefore, requested me to reply in his behalf to two special objections, one of an intellectual, the other of a moral nature.
These are the points of view from which we should consider and answer the objections raised by the critics.
I understood that there were some very strong objections against the lady.