Occupational Disease


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Related to Occupational Disease: Occupational illness

Occupational Disease

A disease resulting from exposure during employment to conditions or substances that are detrimental to health (such as black lung disease contracted by miners).

An individual suffering from an occupational disease can seek compensation for his or her condition under Workers' Compensation statutes or such federal legislation as the Black Lung Benefits Act of 1972, 30 U.S.C.A. § 901 et seq. Worker's compensation statutes typically require that the worker contract the disease during the course of employment; that the disease be peculiar to the worker's job by virtue of how it is caused and manifested or how job conditions result in a particular hazard, unlike employment in general; and that there be a substantially greater risk of contracting the disease or condition on the job in a different, more serious manner, than in general public experiences.

occupational disease

n. an illness resulting from long-term employment in a particular type of work, such as black lung disease among miners, or cancer among asbestos installers. If the chances of being afflicted by such an illness are significantly higher than the average in the population then a former employee may receive benefits from Social Security or workmen's compensation for a work-related disability.

References in periodicals archive ?
b) on financial terms: reduction of the cost of accidents and occupational diseases.
Occupational diseases Badly designed machinery Mechanical devices & tools Poorly designed work place
For example: the structure of the provincial legislation and its enforcement, how federally-regulated workers are protected, employers' implied rights to provide a safe workplace, workers' compensation, occupational disease, criminally unsafe workplaces, how a worker can complain about a safety issue, and current regulatory initiatives.
MSD's affect nearly 60 million workers in 31 European countries, represent 53% of occupational diseases and they are the leading rails of causes of sick leaves (Valeckova, 2010).
The plain reading of the statute reveals that the intent of the General Assembly is to limit claims for psychiatric conditions to situations in which the conditions arise from an injury or occupational disease.
The court said the law of occupational disease applied rather than the law of traumatic injury, so that the plaintiff--nurse Rebecca Hussey's father--did not have to prove when and where the needle stick occurred in order to collect her workers' compensation benefits.
Other testing is under way for occupational diseases.
Compensation system failures demoralise clients and medical practitioners, and transfer the costs of occupational disease to workers and public sector medical facilities.
Where feasible, such patients can be referred to specialist clinics dealing with occupational disease (see box on p.
So, for better explanation of the concepts and their importance there are given the following definitions (Erickson, 2003), (Macdonald, 2003): (1) work accident means "the hurting of the human body and occupational acute intoxication that are happening during working process or during work duties that are causing the lost of work capacities at least for three days, invalidity or death"; (2) occupational disease "the disease produced by the exercitation of a profession, caused by physical, biological, chemical agents from the working environment and the overload of organs and systems during the working process".
Speaking on the eve of Workers' Memorial Day on April 28, he said employers must take responsibility to tackle the hidden hazards that Leave thousands of workers suffering from occupational disease.
These clinics provided accurate records of exposure and occupational disease.

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