officer


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Related to officer: warrant officer, Safety Officer

Officer

An individual with the responsibility of performing the duties and functions of an office, that is a duty or charge, a position of trust, or a right to exercise a public or private employment.

A public officer is ordinarily defined as an individual who has been elected or appointed to exercise the functions of an office for the benefit of the public. Executive officers, such as the president or state governors, are public officers charged with the duty to ascertain that the law is enforced and obeyed. A legislative officer, such as a member of Congress, has the duty of making the laws. A public officer whose duties include administering justice, adjudicating controversies, and interpreting the laws is called a judicial officer. A de jure officer is one who is legally appointed and qualified to exercise the office. A de facto officer is an individual who appears to be legally qualified and appointed to an office but is not due to some legal technicality, such as failure to file a financial disclosure statement within the time prescribed by statute.

A public office must be created either by statute or by constitutional provision. Public officers are distinguishable from employees in that they are required to take an oath of office and are appointed or elected to specified terms of office. The eligibility, duties, and compensation of public officers are defined by statute.

Removal from office occurs when an officer is dismissed from his or her position by a superior officer acting according to law. Sufficient cause must exist to justify the removal. When an individual is wrongfully removed from office, he or she may seek reinstatement.

A military officer is one who has been commissioned as such in the Armed Services.An officer of a corporation is someone, such as the president, vice-president, treasurer, or secretary, whose main duties are to oversee the efficient operation of the business.

Cross-references

Officers of the Court.

officer

n. 1) a high-level management official of a corporation, or an unincorporated business, hired by the board of directors of a corporation or the owner of a business, such as a president, vice president, secretary, financial officer, or chief executive officer (CEO). Such officers have the actual or apparent authority to contract or otherwise act on behalf of the corporation or business. 2) a public official with executive authority ranging from City Manager to Governor. 3) a law enforcement person such as a policeman or woman, deputy sheriff, or Federal marshal.

officer

noun elected representative, functionary, named representative, officeholder, official
Associated concepts: officer of the court, officer of the law
See also: caretaker, functionary, incumbent, key man, magistrate, marshal, official, peace officer, proctor

OFFICER. He who is lawfully invested with an office.
     2. Officers may be classed into, 1. Executive; as the president of the United States of America, the several governors of the different states. Their duties are pointed out in the national constitution, and the constitutions of the several states, but they are required mainly to cause the laws to be executed and obeyed.
     3.-2. The legislative; such as members of congress; and of the several state legislatures. These officers are confined in their duties by the constitution, generally to make laws, though sometimes in cases of impeachment, one of the houses of the legislature exercises judicial functions, somewhat similar to those of a grand jury by presenting to the other articles of impeachment; and the other house acts as a court in trying such impeachments. The legislatures have, besides the power to inquire into the conduct of their members, judge of their elections, and the like.
     4.-3. Judicial officers; whose duties are to decide controversies between individuals, and accusations made in the name of the public against persons charged with a violation of the law.
     5.-4. Ministerial officers, or those whose duty it is to execute the mandates, lawfully issued, of their superiors.
     6.-5. Military officers, who have commands in the army; and
     7.-6. Naval officers, who are in command in the navy.
     8. Officers are required to exercise the functions which belong to their respective offices. The neglect to do so, may, in some cases, subject the offender to an indictment; 1 Yeates, R. 519; and in others, he will be liable to the party injured. 1 Yeates, R. 506.
     9. Officers are also divided into public officers and those who are not public. Some officers may bear both characters; for example, a clergyman is a public officer when he acts in the performance of such a public duty as the marriage of two individuals; 4 Conn. 209; and he is merely a private person when he acts in his more ordinary calling of teaching his congregation. See 4 Conn. 134; 1 Apple. 155.

References in periodicals archive ?
Their departure will hit the specialized ranks, such as homicide and robbery detectives, especially hard, and will come on top of the hundreds of other officers who leave the LAPD through attrition every year.
Obviously, I did the right thing because no one got hurt," explained an officer concerning an encounter he had with an armed subject.
Beginning in January, OSBs will no longer list the name of a school an officer attended as part of their developmental education.
Through well-established IAS requirements, there is a viable career path for IAS officers to general officer.
One officer was killed, and 16 officers were injured in attacks with firearms.
When told of the omission, Joseph Bird, a legal officer for the department, said, "This is how we're going to comply with the statute.
Therefore, if a taxpayer did not treat a corporate officer as an employee and meets the other Section 530 requirements for relief from employment taxes, the taxpayer would be entitled to Section 530 relief consideration.
Directors and officers have never been at greater risk
When the officer comes in, he must identify himself, via his OSHA identification card, and tell you why he is there for an inspection.
Pensions were nonexistent at the time, but soldiers never went out of business - barring dismissal for misconduct it was virtually impossible for a career officer to lose his job during the quarter century between the force reductions of 1821 and 1848.
And how about Admiral Frank Kelso, at the time the Navy's top officer, whose manipulation of the investigative and disciplinary process to conceal his own presence at the scene of the lewd behavior and sexual misconduct Coughlin reported caused the military to end up doing virtually nothing in the case?
CODA is one of the leading providers of quality directors and officers insurance protection and is recognized as affording the broadest coverage generally available, offering clients up to US$75 million in capacity.