Ordinary heart cells have been reprogrammed by researchers to become exact replicas of highly specialized pacemaker cells
by injecting a single gene (Tbx18)--a major step forward in the decade-long search for a biological therapy to correct erratic and failing heartbeats.
They are formed in accordance with difference of the impulse speed on the sympathetic and parasympathetic nerves, as well as influences of active substances concentrations in tissue environment on HRV fluctuations, acting directly upon chronotropic function of the SN pacemaker cells
If subsequent research confirms and supports findings of the pacemaker cell
studies, the researchers said they believe therapy might be administered by injecting Tbx18 into a patient's heart or by creating pacemaker cells
in the laboratory and transplanting them into the heart.
17-20] Also known as pacemaker cells
, ICCs are a population of cells in the gastrointestinal tract that play a role in the control of gut motility.
For example, researchers need to better understand the mechanisms controlling the development and maintenance of pacemaker cells
in the sinoatrial node, just as they must develop ways to compare experimental biological pacemaker tissue with bona fide sinoatrial node tissue.
Eugenio Cingolani, MD, the director of the Heart Institute's Cardiogenetics-Familial Arrhythmia Clinic, said that in the future, pacemaker cells
also could help infants born with congenital heart block.
In cardiac muscle, a transient increase in cellular Ca concentration occurs in response to regular electrical signals produced by pacemaker cells
These cells have gap junctions with smooth muscle cells which give way to nerve terminals; these these cells are called pacemaker cells
The heart has 10 billion cells but fewer than 10,000 of them are pacemaker cells
, which generate electrical activity that spreads to other cardiac cells, making the organ contract rhythmically and pump blood.