paralogism


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Kant's target in the Paralogisms is not the narrow rationalism of Leibniz or Descartes, but this Wolffian tradition of which Kant himself was a part: Kant has as his primary target the illusion that the T is originally given as an object of inner experience, mistaking the unity of inner experience with an inappropriately inferred substantial unity underlying that experience.
Moreover, in light of the sustained attention given to the challenge of idealism in the Fourth Paralogism and elsewhere, there is added reason to accept Kant's claim that the treatment in the second edition is necessary, unique, and original.
Contrary to the view of most interpreters, Caranti argues that the Fourth Paralogism is much superior to these later arguments.
The fourth chapter treats of personal identity over time, the subject of the third paralogism.
80) As the Paralogisms of Pure Reason make clear, we cannot know the human subject as a subject: "we do not have, and cannot have, any knowledge whatsoever of any such subject.
He examines the idea that intelligence creates existence, an existence that is nothing in itself; as he does so he examines the reality of the thinking subject in terms of paralogisms and transcendental idealism including transcendental self-consciousness.
The figure of Empedocles is permeated with the paralogisms of self-consciousness, which Holderlin outlines in a fragment "Urteil und Sein" in 1795:
Here, "[t]he Cartesian Cogito, ergo sum is objectionable," an objection that begins along Kantian lines established most clearly in the restatement of"The Paralogisms of Pure Reason" in the second edition of The Critique of Pure Reason (1.
35) At the same time he reassures us that, unlike other more elaborate romances, Cloria does not depend on and will not elicit the paralogisms or "false conjectures, which in a Romance, is not proper.