, of course, is but one variant on the nonsymbiotic relationship between species, both animals and plants, in which one benefits at the expense of the other.
Nest predation and abandonment was common in sites with high rates of cuckoo parasitism
(VBC and Conic) but was surprisingly absent in another site with high parasitism
of Eurygaster integriceps Puton (Heteroptera: Scutelleridae) by Hexamermis sp.
Host choice and parasitism
intensity by bronzed cowbirds vary widely.
In addition, the total number of nest cells, pupae and larvae and the parasitism
rate (total number of colonies parasitized) were recorded (da Silva et al.
Such behavior is a strategy that females employ to avoid egg parasitism
that prevents their progeny's development.
If parasitic allusion was to be Joyce's primary artistic procedure, then parasitism
itself would have to be elevated from minor sin to cardinal virtue.
For the same reason, we could not compare parasitism
rates between surviving birds with those that died.
The apparently low incidence of insect parasitism
in the crane flies may be due to lack of data, but I found only four instances of parasitization in the thousands of crane flies from the Reserve that were examined as larvae, pupae, or adults.
The highest levels of parasitism
were found in Kenya collections where P.
Testing for parasite loading in a herd of goats is the very first step to effectively managing parasitism
Throughout the experiment no clinical signs or disease were observed, indicating that a subclinical parasitism
was achieved following the initial infection with GIN.