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Related to paraventricular nucleus: arcuate nucleus, Suprachiasmatic nucleus
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Area postrema removal abolishes stimulatory effects of intra venous interleukin-1beta on hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis activity and c-fos mRNA in the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus.
Increased numbers of corticotropin-releasing hormone expressing neurons in the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus of depressed patients.
Organization and regulation of paraventricular nucleus glutamate signaling systems: N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors.
The paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus contains the cell bodies of a group of oxytocinergic neurons projecting to extrahypothalamic brain areas and to the spinal cord.
More importantly, spontaneous physical activity increased with paraventricular nucleus injections of orexin (dose-related) and decreased with orexin receptor antagonist.
Leptin prevents fasting-induced suppression of prothyrotropin-releasing hormone messenger ribonucleic acid in neurons of the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus.