peer review

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peer review

n. an examination and evaluation of the performance of a professional or technician by a board or committee made up of people in the same occupation. This may arise in determining whether a person has been legitimately discharged, denied promotion or penalized by an employer, or is found to have failed to meet minimum standards of performance and is thus liable in a lawsuit claiming damages due to negligence.

References in periodicals archive ?
The form of peer review that a journal uses--open, single-blind, or double-blind--and the details of the review process are vital aspects of proper peer-review ethics and etiquette, in addition to overall journal quality.
Standards for Performing and Reporting on Peer Review paragraph .
The price for failing to recognize that sham peer review exists, and that there are physicians and hospital administrators who view sham peer review as a "useful tool" to eliminate certain physicians, is often the death of a good physician's career.
We both ask tutors facilitating in-class workshops to explain that student peer review emulates peer review in academic publication and/or daily workplace reviews of colleagues' writing, since peer review becomes most valuable when students understand it both as a classroom activity that can improve their critical reading and writing skills and as a real-world process in which writers address the needs of their audiences.
It is evident that federal courts believe the interests in enforcing laws against antitrust violations, employment discrimination, and fraud outweigh any public policy benefits favoring a privilege for medical peer reviews.
The risk management committee report/minutes may also include recommendations for the MTF credentials committee for privilege/practice related actions (potentially initiating the alternative track of peer reviews that occur under the professional review system established in chapter 10, Army Regulation 40-681(p76)).
More than 80 percent of the respondents rated AllMed excellent or above average in these seven categories: overall quality; credentials of peer review specialists; thoroughness; turn-around time; availability of medical staff; responsiveness, and customer service.
The draft culminates several years of work in which special task forces and the AICPA Board of Directors thoroughly reviewed the current AICPA Peer Review Program to ensure it was meeting the original goals for which it was created--continually enhancing the quality of accounting, auditing and attestation services performed by AICPA members in public practice.
It is not yet clear whether the peer reviews will depreciate.
The compromise, he said, was to create the new committee, ending appeals to the board, and give the new panel access to the peer reviews.
Program effectiveness is also achieved when various constituencies believe that peer reviews do achieve the goals of the program.