lesion

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lesion

injury or loss. In the civil law jurisdictions the word is often used in the context of an ‘unfair’ loss, as where an adult takes advantage of a minor or someone purchases something for much less than it's worth.

LESION, contracts. In the civil law this term is used to signify the injury suffered, in consequence of inequality of situation, by one who does not receive a full equivalent for what he gives in a commutative contract.
     2. The remedy given for this injury, is founded on its being the effect of implied error or imposition; for in every commutative contract, equivalents are supposed to be given and received. Louis. Code, 1854. Persons of full age, however, are not allowed in point of law to object to their agreements as being injurious, unless the injury be excessive. Poth. Oblig. P. 1, c. 1, s. 1, art. 3, Sec. 4. But minors are admitted to restitution, not only against any excessive inequality, but against any inequality whatever. Poth. Oblig. P. 1, c. 1, s. 1, art. 3, Sec. 5; Louis. Code, art. 1858.
     3. Courts of chancery relieve upon terms of redemption and set aside contracts entered into by expectant heirs dealing for their expectancies, on the ground of mere inadequacy of price. 1 Vern. 167; 2 Cox, 80; 2 Cas. in Ch. 136; 1 Vern. 141; 2 Vern. 121; 2 Freem. 111; 2 Vent. 359; 2 Vern. 14; 2 Rep. in Ch. 396; 1 P. W. 312; 1 Bro. C. C. 7; 3 P. Wms. 393, n.; 2 Atk. 133; 2 Ves. 125; 1 Atk. 301; 1 Wils. 286; 1 Wils. 320; 1 Bro. P. 6. ed. Toml. 198; 1 Bro. C. C. 1; 16 Ves. 512; Sugd. on Vend. 231, n. k.; 1 Ball & B. 330; Wightw. 25; 3 Ves. & Bea. 117; 2 Swanst. R. 147, n.; Fonb. notes to the Treatise of Equity, B, 1, c. 2, s. 9. A contract cannot stand where the party has availed himself of a confidential situation, in order to obtain some selfish advantage. Note to Crowe v. Ballard. 1 Ves. jun. 125; 1 Hov. Supp. 66, 7. Note to Wharton v. May. 5 Ves. 27; 1 Hov. Supp. 378. See Catching bargain; Fraud; Sale.

References in periodicals archive ?
5) In addition to macular involvement of peripheral lesions, vision level may also be affected by macular edema and accompanying AMD-related findings such as drusen, CNV and geographic atrophy.
A positive head impulse, positive horizontal nystagmus, and negative test of skew is 100% sensitive and 96% specific for a peripheral lesion.
Sixty subjects were enrolled and the diagnostic yield was 74% for the peripheral lesions and 100% for mediastinal lymph nodes.
For example, for large (>5 cm) peripheral lesions with a high probability of malignancy (90%), physicians considered as a group and pulmonologists considered separately most frequently chose bronchoscopy (Figure 2) as their first diagnostic test; there was a high degree of variability in responses, with a minority of clinicians choosing a test with either a high estimated sensitivity (eg, TFNAB) or cost-effectiveness (eg, TFNAB or sputum cytology).
It is due to difficulty to reach peripheral lesions as scope could not negotiate into smaller bronchi.
The peripheral lesions may show some erosions of the adjacent cortical bone.
However, peripheral lesions in parrot species have been documented in the abdominal aorta, carotid artery, and coronary arteries.
The 60 case studies in this volume illustrate the core principles of interventional cardiology and how to diagnose and manage complex coronary and peripheral lesions, for fellows in training and practicing interventional cardiologists preparing for boards or recertification, as well as other clinicians.
It has been suggested that possibly these peripheral lesions should simply be termed peripheral fibroma with or without calcifications to avoid confusion.
We know it can be instigated by central and peripheral lesions and that these could be early in the disease course.

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