It is my considered opinion that these passages are all instances of the third common plural of the active voice used in periphrasis
of the passive singular.
If loss does not always trigger periphrasis
and renewal, then one wonders if it ever does.
It remains to be determined whether, as Callaway (1913) suggests, VOSende was entirely a syntactic borrowing, or whether OE might have developed its own participle complements, at the same time perhaps as the beon/wesan + participle periphrasis
48) The examples for food provided by al-Thaalibi reveal that kinaya in this case is not used in its euphemistic sense, but as periphrasis
for the sake of wit or group feeling (likewise in Ahmad al-Jurjani's parallel chapter).
Two questions which have been central in previous research on adjectival periphrasis
are the following:
for donno Gianni's penis ("il pivuolo col quale egli piantava gli uomini") not only emphasizes the reproductive potential of the sexual act, but subtly suggests--through the use of the imperfect tense--that donno Gianni's insemination of women is a habitual act.
The reader is thus asked to supply 'male' alongside the phrases 'homosexual' or 'same-sex' throughout this essay in order to avoid cumbrous periphrasis
And since in this case the language of rhetoric may have always been a periphrasis
for speaking bluntly about desire and sexuality in Swinburne, reading Swinburne in the wake of his detractors-both moral and aesthetic, although the two are hardly separate in the end--is to notice that the ostensibly safe vantage point offered by the language of rhetoric and aesthetic form is perhaps the most direct approach to what is still perverse in Swinburne, long after his poetry's sadomasochistic frisson has been domesticated in a post-decadent era.
2] 19-29 Figures of Feeling 19 Asyndeton (omission of conjunction) 20-21 Anaphora (repetitions) and diatyposis (vivid descriptions) 22 Hyperbaton (inversions) 23 Polypota (accumulations, variations, climaxes) 24 Plural to Singular 25 Past to Present 26 Transposition of Persons 27 Change in Narrative Point of View * 28-29 Periphrasis
(circumlocution) * Fourth Source: Choice of Words (30-38) 30 Introduction to Diction [missing text after 30.
In short, the text meticulously deploys a description for the sole purpose of nulliying it; the text develops itself as the periphrasis
of an object, of a matrix that is rebutted or repressed, though capable of producing variations of itself, I would suggest, symptomatologically.
Why, for instance, did I feel constrained to use the awkward periphrasis
"Catholic priest who was also a poet" rather than the succinct "priest and poet" or even "priest-poet"?
31) Furthermore, it is also remarkable that within the limits of her biography, Apollodorus repeatedly describes Phano with the periphrasis
'Neaira's daughter', while he refers to her by name only two or three times.