person

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Person

In general usage, a human being; by statute, however, the term can include firms, labor organizations, partnerships, associations, corporations, legal representatives, trustees, trustees in Bankruptcy, or receivers.

A corporation is a "person" for purposes of the constitutional guarantees of equal protection of laws and Due Process of Law.

Foreign governments otherwise eligible to sue in United States courts are "persons" entitled to institute a suit for treble damages for alleged antitrust violations under the Clayton Act (15 U.S.C.A. § 12 et seq.).

Illegitimate children are "persons" within the meaning of the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution.

The phrase interested person refers to heirs, devisees, children, spouses, creditors, beneficiaries, and any others having a property right in, or a claim against, a trust estate or the estate of a decedent, ward, or protected person. It also refers to personal representatives and to fiduciaries.

person

n. 1) a human being. 2) a corporation treated as having the rights and obligations of a person. Counties and cities can be treated as a person in the same manner as a corporation. However, corporations, counties and cities cannot have the emotions of humans such as malice, and therefore are not liable for punitive damages. (See: party, corporation)

person

noun autonomous being, being, caput, chap, character, fellow, homo, human, human being, human creaaure, individual, living being, living soul, member of the human race, mortal, mortal body, mortalis, party, somebody, someone, soul
Associated concepts: adult person, artificial person, compeeent person, credible person, disorderly person, fictitious person, injured person, natural person, person aggrieved, person in need of supervision, poor person, third person, unauthorized person
See also: actor, character, individual

person

the object of legal rights. There are two kinds of legal person: human beings and artificial persons such as corporations. A PARTNERSHIP in England is not a separate legal person but in Scotland it is said to have quasi-personality.

PERSON. This word is applied to men, women and children, who are called natural persons. In law, man and person are not exactly synonymous terms. Any human being is a man, whether he be a member of society or not, whatever may be the rank he holds, or whatever may be his age, sex, &c. A person is a man considered according to the rank he holds in society, with all the rights to which the place he holds entitles him, and the duties which it imposes. 1 Bouv. Inst. n. 137.
     2. It is also used to denote a corporation which is an artificial person. 1 Bl. Com. 123; 4 Bing. 669; C. 33 Eng. C. L R. 488; Woodes. Lect. 116; Bac. Us. 57; 1 Mod. 164.
     3. But when the word "Persons" is spoken of in legislative acts, natural persons will be intended, unless something appear in the context to show that it applies to artificial persons. 1 Scam. R. 178.
     4. Natural persons are divided into males, or men; and females or women. Men are capable of all kinds of engagements and functions, unless by reasons applying to particular individuals. Women cannot be appointed to any public office, nor perform any civil functions, except those which the law specially declares them capable of exercising. Civ. Code of Louis. art. 25.
     5. They are also sometimes divided into free persons and slaves. Freemen are those who have preserved their natural liberty, that is to say, who have the right of doing what is not forbidden by the law. A slave is one who is in the power of a master to whom he belongs. Slaves are sometimes ranked not with persons but things. But sometimes they are considered as persons for example, a negro is in contemplation of law a person, so as to be capable of committing a riot in conjunction with white men. 1 Bay, 358. Vide Man.
     6. Persons are also divided into citizens, (q.v.) and aliens, (q.v.) when viewed with regard to their political rights. When they are considered in relation to their civil rights, they are living or civilly dead; vide Civil Death; outlaws; and infamous persons.
     7. Persons are divided into legitimates and bastards, when examined as to their rights by birth.
     8. When viewed in their domestic relations, they are divided into parents and children; husbands and wives; guardians and wards; and masters and servants son, as it is understood in law, see 1 Toull. n. 168; 1 Bouv. Inst. n. 1890, note.

References in periodicals archive ?
Kirby Mullins, owner of Seminole PowerSports, states, “The Sea-Doo Spark[TM] is a fun personal watercraft to ride.
In all other PWC-allowed waters, personal watercraft users are required by law to observe speed limits, marine signs and all other rules related to the use of Personal Watercrafts (Jet Ski).
Indian Lake had been the scene of a number of accidents, including May 26, 2007, when a personal watercraft accident left a little girl severely injured.
The fees and charges for personal watercraft have already been increased by 10% in 2005.
We applaud Senator Noble Ellington and Representative Jack Smith for their leadership to drive this legislation to fruition," stated Christian Gullot, Manager of State Affairs for the Personal Watercraft Industry Association (PWIA), which strongly advocated for the proposal's passage.
According to the California Air Resources Board fact sheet, a typical personal watercraft with a two-stroke engine generates more smog-producing emissions in seven hours of operation than a 1998 passenger car driven 100,000 miles.
In these periods, a personal watercraft zipping by would send some 200 birds flapping into the air, more than six times as many as a motorboat passing.
The Sylmar resident, who was not immediately identified, apparently made a turn in front of the boat, which hit the side of the personal watercraft, knocking him down at 5:50 p.
They may look like fun, but personal watercraft remain incredibly dangerous," said attorney Buddy Rake of Phoenix, who chairs an ATLA litigation group concerned with personal watercraft (PWC).
Lopez were previously charged with driving a personal watercraft within 150 feet of a swimmer, failing to report a personal watercraft accident and other watercraft violations in the May 26 accident.
The newest trend reshaping the boating industry -- multi-passenger personal watercraft -- is turning weekends and holidays on the water into a full-blown family phenomenon.
Salvador Murillo mowed lawns and performed odd jobs to save enough money to pay cash for a personal watercraft and a four-wheeler.

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