person

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Person

In general usage, a human being; by statute, however, the term can include firms, labor organizations, partnerships, associations, corporations, legal representatives, trustees, trustees in Bankruptcy, or receivers.

A corporation is a "person" for purposes of the constitutional guarantees of equal protection of laws and Due Process of Law.

Foreign governments otherwise eligible to sue in United States courts are "persons" entitled to institute a suit for treble damages for alleged antitrust violations under the Clayton Act (15 U.S.C.A. § 12 et seq.).

Illegitimate children are "persons" within the meaning of the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution.

The phrase interested person refers to heirs, devisees, children, spouses, creditors, beneficiaries, and any others having a property right in, or a claim against, a trust estate or the estate of a decedent, ward, or protected person. It also refers to personal representatives and to fiduciaries.

person

n. 1) a human being. 2) a corporation treated as having the rights and obligations of a person. Counties and cities can be treated as a person in the same manner as a corporation. However, corporations, counties and cities cannot have the emotions of humans such as malice, and therefore are not liable for punitive damages. (See: party, corporation)

person

noun autonomous being, being, caput, chap, character, fellow, homo, human, human being, human creaaure, individual, living being, living soul, member of the human race, mortal, mortal body, mortalis, party, somebody, someone, soul
Associated concepts: adult person, artificial person, compeeent person, credible person, disorderly person, fictitious person, injured person, natural person, person aggrieved, person in need of supervision, poor person, third person, unauthorized person
See also: actor, character, individual

person

the object of legal rights. There are two kinds of legal person: human beings and artificial persons such as corporations. A PARTNERSHIP in England is not a separate legal person but in Scotland it is said to have quasi-personality.

PERSON. This word is applied to men, women and children, who are called natural persons. In law, man and person are not exactly synonymous terms. Any human being is a man, whether he be a member of society or not, whatever may be the rank he holds, or whatever may be his age, sex, &c. A person is a man considered according to the rank he holds in society, with all the rights to which the place he holds entitles him, and the duties which it imposes. 1 Bouv. Inst. n. 137.
     2. It is also used to denote a corporation which is an artificial person. 1 Bl. Com. 123; 4 Bing. 669; C. 33 Eng. C. L R. 488; Woodes. Lect. 116; Bac. Us. 57; 1 Mod. 164.
     3. But when the word "Persons" is spoken of in legislative acts, natural persons will be intended, unless something appear in the context to show that it applies to artificial persons. 1 Scam. R. 178.
     4. Natural persons are divided into males, or men; and females or women. Men are capable of all kinds of engagements and functions, unless by reasons applying to particular individuals. Women cannot be appointed to any public office, nor perform any civil functions, except those which the law specially declares them capable of exercising. Civ. Code of Louis. art. 25.
     5. They are also sometimes divided into free persons and slaves. Freemen are those who have preserved their natural liberty, that is to say, who have the right of doing what is not forbidden by the law. A slave is one who is in the power of a master to whom he belongs. Slaves are sometimes ranked not with persons but things. But sometimes they are considered as persons for example, a negro is in contemplation of law a person, so as to be capable of committing a riot in conjunction with white men. 1 Bay, 358. Vide Man.
     6. Persons are also divided into citizens, (q.v.) and aliens, (q.v.) when viewed with regard to their political rights. When they are considered in relation to their civil rights, they are living or civilly dead; vide Civil Death; outlaws; and infamous persons.
     7. Persons are divided into legitimates and bastards, when examined as to their rights by birth.
     8. When viewed in their domestic relations, they are divided into parents and children; husbands and wives; guardians and wards; and masters and servants son, as it is understood in law, see 1 Toull. n. 168; 1 Bouv. Inst. n. 1890, note.

References in periodicals archive ?
To meet the new federal EPA requirements, motor manufacturers are introducing four-stroke outboard engines, four-stroke personal watercraft, and cleaner versions of the direct-injection two-stroke.
A cross between a motorboat and water ski, personal watercraft are operated by a person sitting, standing, or kneeling on the craft, not in it.
Authorities also anticipate that some people who formerly used Lake Chauncy in Westboro, which is now closed to personal watercraft, will start using Lake Quinsigamond and Indian Lake.
If you do that on a personal watercraft, you just keep on going.
This program will allow IJSBA to store watercraft properly and will allow EZ Dock to demonstrate to personal watercraft and jet boat owners how durable and versatile the dock and lift products are.
2, was identified by police as the driver of a Sea-Doo that collided with another personal watercraft about 25 feet from shore in the area of 70 Sears Island Drive.
Towry said he and some friends have been camping in the area, and while they considered going elsewhere to ride personal watercrafts, they came back to Pyramid Lake anyway.
Westboro's town meeting will consider passing a bylaw tonight to ban personal watercraft on Lake Chauncy.
The ban would affect nine parks where personal watercraft are now permitted, including Mount Rainier in Washington and Voyageurs in Minnesota.
We believe that XBoard will have the same impact on the personal watercraft industry in the next few years as snowboards had on the skiing industry in the 1990's.
WESTBORO - Town officials are seeking to ban personal watercraft on Lake Chauncy.
With Castaic Lake and other facilities opening this weekend for the summer season, the National Transportation Safety Board is once again calling for new restrictions on personal watercraft.

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