person

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Related to personhood: Personhood theory, Corporate personhood

Person

In general usage, a human being; by statute, however, the term can include firms, labor organizations, partnerships, associations, corporations, legal representatives, trustees, trustees in Bankruptcy, or receivers.

A corporation is a "person" for purposes of the constitutional guarantees of equal protection of laws and Due Process of Law.

Foreign governments otherwise eligible to sue in United States courts are "persons" entitled to institute a suit for treble damages for alleged antitrust violations under the Clayton Act (15 U.S.C.A. § 12 et seq.).

Illegitimate children are "persons" within the meaning of the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution.

The phrase interested person refers to heirs, devisees, children, spouses, creditors, beneficiaries, and any others having a property right in, or a claim against, a trust estate or the estate of a decedent, ward, or protected person. It also refers to personal representatives and to fiduciaries.

person

n. 1) a human being. 2) a corporation treated as having the rights and obligations of a person. Counties and cities can be treated as a person in the same manner as a corporation. However, corporations, counties and cities cannot have the emotions of humans such as malice, and therefore are not liable for punitive damages. (See: party, corporation)

person

noun autonomous being, being, caput, chap, character, fellow, homo, human, human being, human creaaure, individual, living being, living soul, member of the human race, mortal, mortal body, mortalis, party, somebody, someone, soul
Associated concepts: adult person, artificial person, compeeent person, credible person, disorderly person, fictitious person, injured person, natural person, person aggrieved, person in need of supervision, poor person, third person, unauthorized person
See also: actor, character, individual

person

the object of legal rights. There are two kinds of legal person: human beings and artificial persons such as corporations. A PARTNERSHIP in England is not a separate legal person but in Scotland it is said to have quasi-personality.

PERSON. This word is applied to men, women and children, who are called natural persons. In law, man and person are not exactly synonymous terms. Any human being is a man, whether he be a member of society or not, whatever may be the rank he holds, or whatever may be his age, sex, &c. A person is a man considered according to the rank he holds in society, with all the rights to which the place he holds entitles him, and the duties which it imposes. 1 Bouv. Inst. n. 137.
     2. It is also used to denote a corporation which is an artificial person. 1 Bl. Com. 123; 4 Bing. 669; C. 33 Eng. C. L R. 488; Woodes. Lect. 116; Bac. Us. 57; 1 Mod. 164.
     3. But when the word "Persons" is spoken of in legislative acts, natural persons will be intended, unless something appear in the context to show that it applies to artificial persons. 1 Scam. R. 178.
     4. Natural persons are divided into males, or men; and females or women. Men are capable of all kinds of engagements and functions, unless by reasons applying to particular individuals. Women cannot be appointed to any public office, nor perform any civil functions, except those which the law specially declares them capable of exercising. Civ. Code of Louis. art. 25.
     5. They are also sometimes divided into free persons and slaves. Freemen are those who have preserved their natural liberty, that is to say, who have the right of doing what is not forbidden by the law. A slave is one who is in the power of a master to whom he belongs. Slaves are sometimes ranked not with persons but things. But sometimes they are considered as persons for example, a negro is in contemplation of law a person, so as to be capable of committing a riot in conjunction with white men. 1 Bay, 358. Vide Man.
     6. Persons are also divided into citizens, (q.v.) and aliens, (q.v.) when viewed with regard to their political rights. When they are considered in relation to their civil rights, they are living or civilly dead; vide Civil Death; outlaws; and infamous persons.
     7. Persons are divided into legitimates and bastards, when examined as to their rights by birth.
     8. When viewed in their domestic relations, they are divided into parents and children; husbands and wives; guardians and wards; and masters and servants son, as it is understood in law, see 1 Toull. n. 168; 1 Bouv. Inst. n. 1890, note.

References in periodicals archive ?
Paul Ryan, who has set stipulations for becoming the next Speaker of the House, has raised concerns among the grassroots members of Personhood USA, the largest prolife grassroots organization in the United States.
The first line of attack on the significance of corporate personhood is a dismissive reassurance that the public is wrong in thinking that in Citizens United the Supreme Court granted corporations the same First Amendment rights as human beings.
24) This Note shows, however, that laws surrounding fetal personhood do not challenge abortion rights and argues that so-called "fetal rights" laws will not and do not live up to their hype.
In this way, while seeking to contribute to wider and more generalised social scientific and theoretical debates concerning gender and personhood, the individual authors are all careful in the first instance to foreground the specific social, political, and economic contexts within which their research and discussions are based.
Natalie's placard also includes a brief description of the Oklahoma Personhood bill and how it would impact women.
At the end of the day, even as proponents of the 2014 personhood amendment applied new tactics to an old routine, they still lost.
Corporate personhood seems to muddy the waters by inviting into both politics and the marketplace the bitter divides of the culture wars.
If we fail to protect the personhood of all humans at every stage of maturity then we are all slaves to the whims of another man's agenda.
In general, and however much they are both enacting an ungraspable Lacanian "real" personhood and unreflectively channeling cultural memes and phrases in circulation, it seems hard to credit that poets are not also distinctively attending to their formulations, crafting and revising them to serve aesthetic and expressive ends.
of Wisconsin-Madison) writes of this process of change and its impact on the American plantation zone's ecology and people, working through such topics as resistance, tropical vegetation and (or vs) animal matter, Creole stores and the suspension of the human, Afro-American materialisms from fetishes to personhood, and in the finale, Sansay's Haitian autobiography.