Specifically, it might be more difficult to create a good impression or change an impression when being evaluated by or interacting with a pessimist
are more likely to demonstrate a confirmation bias by remaining stoic in their opinions (Rabin & Schrag, 1999).
Permanence: A pessimist
sees a failure as permanent -- nothing he does will change the fact that he will fail, and it takes him much longer to bounce back from failure, or never recover.
Yet I am a pessimist
so extreme that I have never yet boarded an aeroplane without a deep conviction that it is much more likely to crash in flames than to reach its destination.
The optimist among us see a chance to gain by making full use of even the worst situation; and the pessimist
get lost in the realm of frustration and pain.
believe their behavior doesn't matter, so they don't take positive steps to change.
He sent the pessimist
into a room full of toys and the optimist into a room with a pile of horse manure in it.
criticises circumstances; the optimist changes conditions.
watched carefully, saw everything, but did not say a single word.
Oh God, he's seen me and his pace is quickening," mutters the pessimist
through teeth stained by curses.
Nietzsche, though Dienstag considers him an existential pessimist
, gets a separate chapter of his own because his particular brand of 'Dionysian pessimism' is 'maximally valuable and persuasive' (162) in emphasizing that pessimism need not lead to resignation, but instead can inspire 'spirited activity' (166) and a defiant embrace of life--a position that Cervantes' Don Quixote models for us, as Dienstag argues in Chapter 6.
Some researchers are saying that the effect of being a pessimist
, in terms of longevity, is like smoking cigarettes.
solution to this problem is to increase aggregate savings through tax hikes and reduced consumer spending.