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POSTMASTER, or DEPUTY POSTMASTER. An officer of the United States appointed by the postmaster general to hold his office. during the, pleasure of the former. Before entering on the duties of his office, he is required to give bond with surety to be approved by the postmaster general. Act of 3d March, 1825, s. 3. 12. Every postmaster is required to keep an office in the place for which he may be appointed; and it is his duty to receive and forward by mail, without delay, all letters, papers, and packets as directed; to receive the mails and deliver, at all reasonable hours, all letters, papers and packets to the persons entitled thereto.
     3. In lieu of commissions allowed deputy postmasters by the 14th section of the act of 3d March, 1845,.the postmaster general is authorized by the act of March 1, 1847, s. 1, to allow, on the proceeds of their respective offices, a commission not exceeding the following rates on the amount received in any one year, or a due proportion thereof for less than a year: On a sum not exceeding one hundred dollars, forty per cent; on a sum over the first hundred and not exceeding four hundred dollars, thirty-three and one-third per cent; on a sum over and above the first four hundred dollars and not exceeding twenty-four hundred dollars, thirty per cent.; on a sum over twenty-four hundred dollars, twelve and one-half per cent.; on all sums arising from the postage on newspapers, magazines, and pamphlets, fifty per cent.; on the amount of postages on letters or packets received for distribution, seven per cent.: Provided, That all allowances, commissions, or other emoluments, shall be subject to the provisions of the forty-first section of the act which this is intended to amend; and that the annual compensation therein limited shall be computed for the fiscal year commencing on the first of July and ending the thirtieth of June each year, and that for any period less than a year the restrictions contained in said section shall be held to apply in a due proportion for such fractional period: And, provided further, That the compensation to any,, deputy postmaster under the foregoing provisions to be computed upon the receipt at his office of a larger sum shall in no case fall short of the amount to which he would be entitled under a smaller sum received at his office.
     4. By act of congress approved March 3, 1851, Sec. 6, it is enacted, That to any postmaster whose commissions may be reduced below the amount allowed at his office for the year ending the thirtieth day of June, eighteen hundred and fifty-one, and whose labors may be increased, the postmaster general shall be authorized, in his discretion, to allow such additional commissions as be may deem just and proper Provided, That the whole amount of commissions allowed such postmaster during any fiscal year, shall not exceed by more than twenty per centum the amount of commissions at such office for the year ending the thirtieth day of June, eighteen hundred and fifty-one.
     5. Although not subject to all the, responsibilities of a common carrier, yet a postmaster is liable for all losses and injuries occasioned by his own default in office. 3 Wils. Rep. 443; Cowp. 754; 5 Burr. 2709; 1 Bell's Com. 468; 2 Kent. Com. 474; Story on Bailm. Sec. 463.
     6. Whether a postmaster is liable for the acts of his clerks or servants seems not to be settled. 1 Bell's Com. 468, 9. In Pennsylvania it has been decided that he is not responsible for their secret delinquencies, though perhaps he is answerable for want of attention to the official conduct of his subordinates. 8 Watts. R. 453. Vide Frank; Post Office.

References in periodicals archive ?
This was a serious offence which caused considerable distress to the postmistress and I'm pleased that the offenders have been brought to justice.
The masked men pounced shortly after the business opened yesterday morning while the postmistress and another member of staff were working.
PAPERBACKS 1 Room Emma Donoghue 2 The Long Song Andrea Levy 3 One Day David Nicholls 4 A Week In December Sebastian Faulks 5 Sister Rosamund Lupton 6 Trespass Rose Tremain 7 The Snowman Jo Nesbo 8 The Postmistress Sarah Blake 9 The Killing Place Tess Gerritsen 10 The Girl With The Dragon Tattoo: Millennium Trilogy Stieg Larsson HARDBACKS 1 House Of Night PC Cast and Kristin Cast 2 Jamie's 30 Minute Meals Jamie Oliver 3 The Fry Chronicles Stephen Fry 4 Wonders Of The Solar System Brian Cox and Andrew Cohen 5 The Ugly Truth: Diary Of A Wimpy Kid Jeff Kinney 6 Life Keith Richards 7 Life And Laughing: My Story Michael McIntyre 8 Shatter The Bones Stuart MacBride 9 The Finkler Question Howard Jacobson 10 Dog Days: Diary Of A Wimpy Kid Jeff Kinney
A COUPLE who persuaded a village postmistress to exchange pounds 1,500 of fake travellers' cheques because they were short of cash at Christmas have been jailed.
Summary: The husband of a postmistress who was found dead at their village shop has been remanded after appearing in court.
Despite appeals from the 64-year-old dad's teacher daughter Marie Berry, his sister Jean Spencer and the postmistress at the Fox and Goose Post Office to act as his representatives, Post Office officials would not budge.
A MIDLAND postmistress has been jailed for 18 months after she stole more than pounds 80,000 from the Royal Mail.
She said Milne was not a Post Office employee but was taken on by the sub postmistress and also worked in the adjoining garage and office.
A man who carried out a terrifying armed robbery at a Birmingham post office when he pointed a gun at a postmistress has been jailed for 11 years.
Originally Royal Mail chiefs had said this year the Wiltshire village's postmistress Anne Noble would be banned from using her Lover hand stamp and people could only get the special postmark through a centre in Slough, Berkshire.
DETECTIVES are hunting a man armed with a handgun who demanded money from a postmistress in Swansea.
The masked men targeted rural sub-post offices where the postmaster or postmistress lived on site or nearby, Chester crown court was told.