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An exclusive privilege. The special power or peculiar right possessed by an official by virtue of his or her office. In English Law, a discretionary power that exceeds and is unaffected by any other power; the special preeminence that the monarch has over and above all others, as a consequence of his or her sovereignty.

The term prerogative is occasionally used by writers of law to refer to the object over which royal powers are exercised, such as fiscal prerogatives, which are the revenues of the king or queen.


noun advantage, authority, benefit, charter, claim, droit, due, exclusive privilege, exclusive right, franchise, freedom, grant, inalienable right, legal power, liberty, license, perquisite, power, preference, prior right, priority, privilege, right, rightful power, sanction, special right, title, vested right, warrant
Associated concepts: managerial prerogative, prerogative writ
See also: authority, birthright, capacity, droit, enjoyment, franchise, freedom, impunity, liberty, license, option, prescription, privilege, right, suffrage, title, use



PREROGATIVE, civil law. The privilege, preeminence, or advantage which one person has over another; thus a person vested with an office, is entitled to all the rights, privileges, prerogatives, &c. which belong to it.

PREROGATIVE, English law. The royal prerogative is an arbitrary power vested in the executive to do good and not evil. Rutherf. Inst. 279; Co. Litt. 90; Chit. on Prerog.; Bac. Ab. h.t.

References in classic literature ?
Under the Prerogative Office, the country had been glorious.
And what's the prerogative of a woman, in the name of Goodness?
This done, she created a little variety by scratching his face, and tearing his hair; and, having, by this time, inflicted as much punishment as she deemed necessary for the offence, she pushed him over a chair, which was luckily well situated for the purpose: and defied him to talk about his prerogative again, if he dared.
These women at least shall continue to respect the prerogative.
Therefore, I note here, though it may not be at all necessary, that there are hundreds of Will Cases (as they are called), far more remarkable than that fancied in this book; and that the stores of the Prerogative Office teem with instances of testators who have made, changed, contradicted, hidden, forgotten, left cancelled, and left uncancelled, each many more wills than were ever made by the elder Mr Harmon of Harmony Jail.
The Committee approved minutes of the previous meeting and viewed a presentation on the Committee's prerogatives while discussing the draft laws and amendments, in addition to reviewing the Committee's work plan for the current sitting and the topics proposed for study and discussion.
Elle a indique que si ce texte est vote, le PT s'adressera au Conseil de la nation, au Conseil constitutionnel et au president de la Republique pour arreter ce projet [beaucoup moins que] qui confisque les prerogatives de l'instance legislative [beaucoup plus grand que].
Summary: State Prosecutor Samir Hammoud has ruled that putting Environment Minister Mohammad Machnouk on trial over "causing the proliferation of diseases" through his failure to find a solution to the garbage crisis is not within his prerogatives, a court document obtained by The Daily Star Friday said.
He went on to explain that some of the prerogatives of the president were transferred to the cabinet in case of presidential vacancy, while others were not.
Chapter 1, "Rights, Prerogatives and Law: The Petition of Right," investigates the acute constitutional issues driving the 1628 Petition of Right and their enactment on the stage.
Royal Prerogatives are powers still officially held by the monarch that have in practice been passed to politicians to allow for decisions to be taken without consulting Parliament.
The constitution of Bahrain has stipulated the prerogatives and legislative tools which enable Shura Council and MPs to exercise their duties, BIPD Executive Director Dr.