Factive verbs are items which presuppose
the truth of their complement proposition and which have specific syntactic properties that are associated with factivity (cf.
To take a more obvious example, a language in which "Hesperus is bright" expresses a Russellian proposition containing the object Venus, might be taken to presuppose
the existence (at least at some time in the past) of Venus.
So the only question remains whether a positivist can presuppose
the appointment of the IGC by the occupiers as the new Iraq's "basic norm.
Since regular human experience in the material world is not characterized by "starkness," this vision must presuppose
a different, spiritual reality discoverable through a "click" (as it happens to Moses in Exodus 33-34).
It ends when we are finally able to define what the actual problem is, and not in terms that beg the question or presuppose
a quick solution.
Individual shareholders ask questions that seem to presuppose
continued steady, longer term growth in most sectors, with investment risk reserved for certain sectors.
The sentence, "General Tilney murdered his wife, which he regretted / did not regret," does not presuppose
that General Tilney murdered his wife; rather, this information is now conveyed as an assertion.
The practical lessons of the DBC story are many and powerful, but the central thrust involves strengths that are, or should be, common in physicians: heightened attention coupled with careful listening that does not presuppose
conclusion but guides the direction to a somewhat unpredictable conclusion.
These criticisms presuppose
that there is such a thing as a "real Zora Neale Hurston," to use Angelou's words, which one can differentiate from other "Zora Neale Hurstons" (as well as the fact that it is possible to represent this "real Zora Neale Hurston").
In many preliterate cultures folktales are hardly to be distinguished from myths, since, especially in tales of tricksters and heroes, they presuppose
a background of belief about tribal origins and the relation of mortals and gods.
Maximus, however, is one of several instances where Christian critics in his case Gregory Nazianzen) sharply distinguish Christianity from Cynicism, and even texts attesting similarity also presuppose
This calls for a new land ethic, he said, pointing to Aldo Leopold's reminder that all ethics presuppose
a tempering of self-interest with an acceptance of obligations to the community, and a land ethic that "enlarges the boundaries of the community to include soils, waters, plants, and animals.