lesion

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lesion

injury or loss. In the civil law jurisdictions the word is often used in the context of an ‘unfair’ loss, as where an adult takes advantage of a minor or someone purchases something for much less than it's worth.

LESION, contracts. In the civil law this term is used to signify the injury suffered, in consequence of inequality of situation, by one who does not receive a full equivalent for what he gives in a commutative contract.
     2. The remedy given for this injury, is founded on its being the effect of implied error or imposition; for in every commutative contract, equivalents are supposed to be given and received. Louis. Code, 1854. Persons of full age, however, are not allowed in point of law to object to their agreements as being injurious, unless the injury be excessive. Poth. Oblig. P. 1, c. 1, s. 1, art. 3, Sec. 4. But minors are admitted to restitution, not only against any excessive inequality, but against any inequality whatever. Poth. Oblig. P. 1, c. 1, s. 1, art. 3, Sec. 5; Louis. Code, art. 1858.
     3. Courts of chancery relieve upon terms of redemption and set aside contracts entered into by expectant heirs dealing for their expectancies, on the ground of mere inadequacy of price. 1 Vern. 167; 2 Cox, 80; 2 Cas. in Ch. 136; 1 Vern. 141; 2 Vern. 121; 2 Freem. 111; 2 Vent. 359; 2 Vern. 14; 2 Rep. in Ch. 396; 1 P. W. 312; 1 Bro. C. C. 7; 3 P. Wms. 393, n.; 2 Atk. 133; 2 Ves. 125; 1 Atk. 301; 1 Wils. 286; 1 Wils. 320; 1 Bro. P. 6. ed. Toml. 198; 1 Bro. C. C. 1; 16 Ves. 512; Sugd. on Vend. 231, n. k.; 1 Ball & B. 330; Wightw. 25; 3 Ves. & Bea. 117; 2 Swanst. R. 147, n.; Fonb. notes to the Treatise of Equity, B, 1, c. 2, s. 9. A contract cannot stand where the party has availed himself of a confidential situation, in order to obtain some selfish advantage. Note to Crowe v. Ballard. 1 Ves. jun. 125; 1 Hov. Supp. 66, 7. Note to Wharton v. May. 5 Ves. 27; 1 Hov. Supp. 378. See Catching bargain; Fraud; Sale.

References in periodicals archive ?
35) Six of our S100-negative melanomas arose in primary lesions with the remaining 21 occurring in metastases.
Histopathological examination of mastectomy specimen revealed 72% occult breast primary lesion and in 87% of the cases the lesion was less than 2 cm size.
Close surveillance should be stressed, as contralateral involvement can appear up to 10 years after the primary lesion.
Getty [10] has proposed that the primary lesion of bovine liver telangiectasis is an inflammatory focus of hepatic necrosis.
It is initiated or caused by a primary lesion or dysfunction in the peripheral nervous system.
Early in the course of epithelial malignancy, tumor cells frequently can become detached from a primary lesion and enter the peripheral blood stream.
16,17 As false-positive findings in the axilla can be seen in sarcoidosis, tuberculosis, rheumatoid arthritis and other inflammatory conditions, obtaining an accurate and complete patient history, along with careful evaluation of the size and biologic activity of the primary lesion as well as the pattern of nodal involvement is required before a confident diagnosis of axillary-nodal metastasis can be made.
Since MM can spread to almost every organ of the body and can metastasize years after resection of the primary lesion, it is still a very important clinical problem.
In our case primary lesion and mandibular metastasis were detected simultaneously, and mandibular metastasis probably grew up from the periapical region, resorbed the alveolar bone and then infiltrated to the gingival soft tissue around right premolar teeth.
The primary treatment remains surgical, with a wide local excision of at least 1-2cm, the diameter being defined by the Breslow thickness of the primary lesion.
Neuropathic pain may be the result of a primary lesion or dysfunction of either the peripheral or central nervous system.
Inclusion criteria included a primary lesion of at least 15 mm in length in vessels of 2.

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