prior


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Related to prior: Prior probability

prior(s)

n. slang for a criminal defendant's previous record of criminal charges, convictions, or other judicial disposal of criminal cases (such as probation, dismissal or acquittal). Only previous felony convictions can be introduced into evidence. However, the record of "priors" can have an impact on sentencing, as with prior drunk driving convictions requiring mandatory jail sentences, and "three strikes, you're out," providing for extended sentences for the third felony conviction.

prior

adjective antecedent, anterior, earlier, first, foregoing, former, inaugural, introductory, late, lead, old, past, precedent, preceding, precursory, prefatory, preliminary, preludial, prelusive, prevenient, previous, proemial, quondam, superior
Associated concepts: prior approval, prior conviction, prior lien, prior restraint
See also: aforesaid, antecedent, back, before mentioned, former, last, preceding, precursory, preexisting, preferred, preliminary, preparatory, previous, said
References in periodicals archive ?
Bayesian estimation approach makes use of prior knowledge about the parameter(s) as well as the available data.
1% to 5,964 units from the prior year quarter total of 3,922 units and was 3.
For HIV/AIDS drugs, utilization management tools such as prior authorization and step therapy are generally not employed in widely used, best practice formulary models (except as noted in Attachment I [which allows prior authorization for patients starting Fuzeon]) .
The court disagreed, saying restoration does not have to be to the party that made the payment, but only to someone who reported lower income in a prior year.
Prior points out that virtually the entire religious leadership of Jews in Eastern Europe in the 19th century considered Theodor Herzl and his creed, Zionism, to be anathema--a pseudo-messianic, satanic conspiracy against God.
3), and for individuals who had had two or more sex partners in the prior month and had no reason recorded for their visit (1.
Federal, State, and territorial jurisdictions have enacted a variety of statutes that permit or even mandate upgraded charges or enhanced sentences for individuals with prior records.
In those instances where a loss was incurred by the subsidiary in the period subsequent to 1966 (or after the first consolidated return filing) and through the year prior to the election, the benefit of the deemed dividend election may have been diminished.
Such findings suggest that bones need the proper balance between estrogen and progesterone to remain healthy, Prior asserts.
1% to $1,149,813 over the prior year quarter average of $1,044,166 but was down 12.
Taxpayers who had made an unauthorized method change for a prior year were eligible to use Rev.
Ritchie, 29, of Palmdale is currently serving a prison sentence of more than 38 years but that sentence could be reduced by nearly half if the prior conviction for a cross-burning that started a brush fire is not counted as a ``strike'' under California's three-strikes law.