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A person appointed to manage the affairs of another or to represent another in a judgment.In English Law, the name formerly given to practitioners in ecclesiastical and admiralty courts who performed duties similar to those of solicitors in ordinary courts.

In old English law, a proctor was an attorney who practiced in the ecclesiastical and admiralty courts. Proctors, also known as procurators, served a similar function as solicitors in the ordinary courts of England. The title of proctor was merged with that of solicitor in 1873, but it is sometimes used in the United States to designate practitioners in probate and admiralty courts.

The use of proctors and procurators was an important step in English law because it signified the acceptance of Legal Representation. Procuration allowed one person to give power to another to act in his behalf. The proctor became the agent of the client, legally entitled to perform all actions that the client could have performed.

A "procuracy" was the writing or instrument that authorized a proctor or procurator to act. The document called a "power of attorney," which authorizes an attorney or agent to represent a person's interests, is based on this relationship. A Power of Attorney may be general, giving the agent blanket authority to perform all necessary acts for the person, or specific, limiting the agent to certain actions.

The term procuracy was shortened to proxy, which has gained a more specific meaning. A proxy is a person who is substituted or designated by another to represent her, usually in a meeting or before a public body. Shareholders in a corporation commonly use a written proxy to give someone else the right to vote their shares at a shareholders' meeting.


n. 1) in admiralty (maritime) law, an attorney. 2) person who keeps order.


noun advocate, agent, appointee, broker, caretaker, delegate, deputy, functionary, instrument, lawyer, lieutenant, manager, minister, monitor, officer, procurator, proxy, representative, second, steward, vicar
See also: advocate, counselor, deputy, director, factor, plenipotentiary, procurator, superintendent

PROCTOR. One appointed to represent in judgment the party who empowers him, by writing under his hand called a proxy. The term is used chiefly in the courts of civil and ecclesiastical law. The proctor is somewhat similar to the attorney. Avl. Parerg. 421.

References in periodicals archive ?
Unlike Julie Powell, who did not have personal contact with the famous chef, Julia Child before starting her blog, Proctor contacted John Kremer to let him know about her project.
He states Mr Proctor was directly responsible for two of the allegations and implicated in the third.
Mr Proctor said Nick had believed the former MP was not "directly involved" in a third allegation when a boy died after being hit by a car in 1979.
When Proctor was arrested he accepted being unruly in the street but claimed he had been surrounded and that the group clawed at him.
Richard Baxter said: "Very shocked and saddened to hear of the death of colleague and friend Mike Proctor, may he rest in peace.
Proctor served six months in prison for a similar offence in 2008.
Proctor had said he agreed with prosecutors that Schmitz had not taken responsibility for her actions.
Proctor and an internationally recognized team of presenters and coaches, including Gerry Robert, author of the international best-selling book, "Millionaire Mindset," will lead the seminar, exploring new ideas and providing participants with specific tools and day-to-day plans for overcoming their financial and emotional challenges, particularly in these times.
Even Proctor acknowledged that the timing of the situation didn't look so good.
In response to this and customer demand, Addagrip and the A Proctor Group have jointly developed Addagrip Porous Proctor Pave, a porous and hardwearing pavement using a resin-bound finish.
Darren Proctor, aged 26, broke down a door to take cover in the basement of a house in Willes Road, Leamington, after he ripped a handbag from a woman standing by a cashpoint.