proctor


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Proctor

A person appointed to manage the affairs of another or to represent another in a judgment.In English Law, the name formerly given to practitioners in ecclesiastical and admiralty courts who performed duties similar to those of solicitors in ordinary courts.

In old English law, a proctor was an attorney who practiced in the ecclesiastical and admiralty courts. Proctors, also known as procurators, served a similar function as solicitors in the ordinary courts of England. The title of proctor was merged with that of solicitor in 1873, but it is sometimes used in the United States to designate practitioners in probate and admiralty courts.

The use of proctors and procurators was an important step in English law because it signified the acceptance of Legal Representation. Procuration allowed one person to give power to another to act in his behalf. The proctor became the agent of the client, legally entitled to perform all actions that the client could have performed.

A "procuracy" was the writing or instrument that authorized a proctor or procurator to act. The document called a "power of attorney," which authorizes an attorney or agent to represent a person's interests, is based on this relationship. A Power of Attorney may be general, giving the agent blanket authority to perform all necessary acts for the person, or specific, limiting the agent to certain actions.

The term procuracy was shortened to proxy, which has gained a more specific meaning. A proxy is a person who is substituted or designated by another to represent her, usually in a meeting or before a public body. Shareholders in a corporation commonly use a written proxy to give someone else the right to vote their shares at a shareholders' meeting.

proctor

n. 1) in admiralty (maritime) law, an attorney. 2) person who keeps order.

proctor

noun advocate, agent, appointee, broker, caretaker, delegate, deputy, functionary, instrument, lawyer, lieutenant, manager, minister, monitor, officer, procurator, proxy, representative, second, steward, vicar
See also: advocate, counselor, deputy, director, factor, plenipotentiary, procurator, superintendent

PROCTOR. One appointed to represent in judgment the party who empowers him, by writing under his hand called a proxy. The term is used chiefly in the courts of civil and ecclesiastical law. The proctor is somewhat similar to the attorney. Avl. Parerg. 421.

References in periodicals archive ?
He was also in on the competition where Proctor let her audience pick out the name for the baby.
The Proctor Creek Greenway is a partnership with the Mayors Office of Resilience, TSPLOST, Department of Watershed Management, Department of Parks and Recreation, PATH Foundation, Atlanta BeltLine, Inc.
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Mr Proctor said one of the claims was that he threatened to castrate a boy with a penknife but was persuaded not to by another man, whom it was suggested was former Prime Minister Edward Heath.
The proctors file an "incident report" to a student's school if they spot something inappropriate; that might include a suspiciously severed Web connection or the student sneaking a peek at a textbook.
It was a second success on the course for Proctor, who was a category winner in the Ian Casey Memorial Cowm Reservoir 5K in May.
Mr Proctor will be at Costa Coffee, upstairs at Tesco in the Parkway Centre, Coulby Newham, every Wednesday, 11.
In addition to detailing the pregnancy, Proctor describes her attempts to mitigate the extensive persecution her family had suffered since Martha had become pregnant.
30am, Proctor went to the counter, bought a coke and then went upstairs.
District Judge David Proctor sentenced Schmitz in Decatur shortly after she took the witness stand and pleaded for mercy.
After more than a year without a managing editor, the San Francisco Chronicle announced Stephen Proctor would fill the slot left vacant since 2007.
David Proctor, 58, who hires out canoes on Lake Vyrnwy from his firm Bethania Adventure, faced three health and safety charges following the death of 68-year-old David Phillips in 2004.