protest

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Protest

A formal declaration whereby a person expresses a personal objection or disapproval of an act. A written statement, made by a notary, at the request of a holder of a bill or a note that describes the bill or note and declares that on a certain day the instrument was presented for, and refused, payment.

A protest is generally made to save some right that would be waived unless a negative opinion was expressly voiced. Taxes are often paid under protest, an action by which a taxpayer reserves the right to recover the amount paid if he has sufficient evidence to prevail.

The document states the reasons for the refusal and provides for the notary to protest against all parties to the instrument declaring that they can be held liable for any loss or damages. A notice of protest is given by the holder of the instrument to the drawer or endorser of the instrument.

protest

v. 1) to complain in some public way about any act already done or about to be done, such as adoption of a regulation by a county board, sending troops overseas, or use of the death penalty. 2) to dispute the amount of property taxes, the assessed evaluation of property for tax purposes, or an import duty. 3) n. a written demand for payment of the amount owed on a promissory note which has not been paid when due or a check which has been dishonored (not paid by the bank).

protest

noun challenge, clamor, complaint, criticism, declaration of disapproval, declaration of dissent, declaration of opposition, defiance, disapproval, dissent, dissidence, formal criticism, forral declaration, formal declaration of dissent, hostile demonstration, opposition, outcry, remonstration, repudiation, resistance
Associated concepts: file a protest

protest

verb announce, attack, challenge, complain, contradict, contravene, cry out against, dehort, demur, deny, disaffirm, disagree, disapprove, disclaim, discountenance, dispute, dissent, exclaim against, exhort against, express opposition, go contrary to, impugn, inveigh, negate, oppose, raise objections, recusare, refuse, remonstrate, reprehend, repudiate, revolt, speak against, take exception, traverse, veto, vote against
Associated concepts: payment under protest, protest a will, protest an election, written notice of protest
See also: admonition, avow, challenge, complain, complaint, conflict, confront, contention, counter, counteract, criticize, cross, demur, denial, deprecate, differ, disaccord, disaffirm, disagree, disallow, disapprobation, disapprove, disavow, disown, disparagement, dissension, dissent, drawback, except, exception, expostulate, fight, gainsay, impugnation, negate, negation, nonconformity, object, objection, oppose, opposition, oppugn, outcry, picket, prohibit, reaction, refuse, reject, remonstrance, remonstrate, renounce, reprehend, repudiate, resist, resistance

protest

a procedure under which evidence of the dishonour of a BILL OF EXCHANGE is provided.

PROTEST, mar. law. A writing, attested by a justice of the peace or a consul, drawn by the master of a vessel, stating the severity of a voyage by which a ship has suffered, and showing it was not owing to the neglect or misconduct of the master. Vide Marsh. Ins. 715, 716. See 1 Wash. C. R. 145; Id. 238; Id. 408, n.; 1 Pet. C. R. 119; 1 Dall. 6; Id. 10; Id. 317; 2 Dall. 195; 3 Watts & Serg. 144; 3 Binn. 228, n.; 1 Yeates, 261.

PROTEST, legislation. A declaration made by one or more members of a legislative body that they do not agree with some act or resolution of the body; it is usual to add the reasons which the protestants have for such a dissent.

PROTEST, contracts. A notarial act, made for want of payment of a promissory note, or for want of acceptance or payment of a bill of exchange, by a notary public, in which it is declared that all parties to such instruments will be held responsible to the holder for all damages, exchanges, reexchanges, &c.
     2. There are two kinds of protest, namely, protest for non-acceptance, and protest for non-payment. When a protest is made and notice of the non- payment or non-acceptance given to the parties in proper time, they will be held responsible. 3 Kent, Com. 63; Chit. on Bills, 278; 3 Pardes. n. 418 to 441; Merl. Repert. h.t.; COID. Dig. Merchant, F 8, 9, 10; Bac. Ab. Merchant, &c. M 7.
     3. There is also a species of protest, common in England, which is called protest for better security. It may be made when a merchant who has accepted a bill becomes insolvent, or is publicly reported to have failed in his credit, or absents himself from change, before the bill he has accepted becomes due, or when the holder has any just reason to suppose it will not be paid; and on demand the acceptor refuses to give it. Notice of such protest must, as in other cases, be sent by the first post. 1 Ld. Raym. 745; Mar. 27.
     4. In making the protest, three things are to be done: the noting; demanding acceptance or payment or, as above, better security and drawing up the protest. 1. The noting, (q.v.) is unknown to the law as distinguished from the protest. 2. The demand, (q.v.) which must be made by a person having authority to receive the money. 3. The drawing up of the protest, which is a mere matter of form. Vide Acceptance; Bills of Exchange.

References in classic literature ?
I try to be a good wife, Jerry," the poor woman protested, with tears.
For all that his simplicity never reached so high a pitch that he could persuade himself it was not the plain and simple truth, without any deception whatever about it, that he had been blanketed by beings of flesh and blood, and not by visionary and imaginary phantoms, as his master believed and protested.
The youth wished his friend to lean upon him, but the other always shook his head and strangely protested.
The subject elevated him to more than usual solemnity of manner, and with a most important aspect he protested that "he had never in his life witnessed such behaviour in a person of rank-- such affability and condescension, as he had himself experienced from Lady Catherine.
The Beaver, who happened to hear the remark, Protested, with tears in its eyes, That not even the rapture of hunting the Snark Could atone for that dismal surprise!
I scolded him for making love to Maria Mainwaring; he protested that he had been only in joke, and we both laughed heartily at her disappointment; and, in short, were very agreeable.
I'm afraid of those cows," protested poor Dora, seeing a prospect of escape.
With the obstinacy of his order, he protested against being dragged in a chosen direction.
The other birds, recognising their own borrowed plumage, indignantly protested, and began to strip him.
Playmore--the second good friend, who had formally protested against the seizure of my husband's papers.
When have you protested to your capitalistic congregations at the working of children in the Southern cotton mills?