Expression of this provability
comes in terms of membership, to a degree, in the set of true statements, with the degree measured as a truth value.
Leniency by the prosecutor is unlikely to be appealed by either party and "if appealed, courts are ill-equipped to second-guess refusals to charge and to assess the provability
of unfiled or dismissed charges.
Rather than allowing the court to be persuaded by a defense argument that valuation of life studies are not scientifically provable, the attorney should emphasize that LEL studies must be compared in methodology and provability
to other economic theories.
Both of these products enhance the provability
and security of Internet-based transactions through the application of electronic signatures and encryption.
The ultimate focus on fuzzy provability
pushed traditional probability farther into the background, so setting the stage for a shift of focus onto beliefs as being at the core of the standards of proof.
In Chapter 6, 'Intuitionistic Logic', Burgess explains Godel's interpretation of the intuitionistic sentential logic I as a modal logic in which the box is interpreted as a provability
operator and shows, via Kripke models, that a formula is a theorem of the intuitionistic logic I iff that formula's modal transformation is a theorem of S4 (130-32).
Judge Hellerstein also pointed out the values were also based on the relationship of the disease to the work at the WTC site: "This is the kind of cancer that exists in society and though it could have been affected by the air at 9/11, it gets to the provability
Nevertheless, on the other hand, it is precisely this lack of provability
that also constitutes the strengths and the incontestability of the Kantian concept of freedom, or of what the idealistic tradition calls transcendental act.
175) Prosecutors legitimately consider provability
and extrajudicial concerns such as the political climate and resources of the office in deciding whether to pursue a death penalty conviction.
With initiatives such as MasterCard's Authentication Program (UCAF and SPA) and Verified by Visa and the continued adoption of e-commerce, there are clear signs of convergence between the traditional payment processing market and the latest Internet security techniques to protect sensitive cardholder information, validate an individual's identity and bring provability
to electronic transactions," said Richard Moulds, vice president of Marketing at nCipher.
Ryan discusses the continued philosophical debates over the validity and provability
of religious doctrine and Bayle's attempts to apply his form of reason to the problem.
Frege redefined 'analytic' in terms of provability
from the laws of logic, rejecting the Kantian definition in terms of content of judgments.