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A large recent epidemiologic study determined that the prevalence of atherosclerosis is high in captive psittacine species.
For this study, we had access to paraffin wax-embedded tissue samples from 25 psittacine birds (20 species) from Austria (N = 13), Switzerland (N = 11), and Australia (N = 1), which were obtained for pathologic examination from 1999 through 2007 (online Appendix Table, available from www.
Proc Intern Virt Conf Vet Med; Dis Psittacine Birds.
The cardiac silhouette appeared globoid, and the cardiac silhouette width: thorax width ratio was increased compared to published normal values for medium-sized psittacine birds (66%; reference interval, 51%-61%).
Imported psittacine birds, which carry mainly genotype A, have been proposed as the major source for human psittacosis infections (12).
Pericardial effusion is not an uncommon finding in psittacine birds and can occur secondary to cardiac, systemic, or inflammatory disease.
Key words: bacteria, skin, psittacine birds, Congo African grey parrot, Psittacus erithacus, budgerigar, Melopsittacus undulatus, cockatiel, Nymphicus hollandicus
1,6) The normal alimentary tract micro flora of psittacine birds is composed predominately of gram-positive bacteria, although some gram-negative bacteria can be isolated from apparently healthy psittacine birds.
Abstract: Histopathologic analysis performed on tissue samples from 34 captive psittacine birds over a 14-year period demonstrated gastrointestinal cryptosporidiosis.
The prevalence of Candida species within the gastrointestinal tract of psittacine birds is common, but visceral and respiratory disease is rare.
I require a Chlamydophila polymerase chain reaction (PCR) test, psittacine beak and feather DNA probe, bornavirus PCR test, and full blood chemistry panel, along with the previously mentioned tests.
Beak and feather disease virus (BFDV) is a member of the genus Circovirus and causes psittacine beak and feather disease (PBFD) in Psittaciformes.