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Public

As a noun, the whole body politic, or the aggregate of the citizens of a state, nation, or municipality. The community at large, without reference to the geographical limits of any corporation like a city, town, or county; the people.

As an adjective, open to all; notorious. Open to common use. Belonging to the people at large; relating to or affecting the whole people of a state, nation, or community; not limited or restricted to any particular class of the community.

public

1) n. the people of the nation, state, county, district or municipality, which the government serves. 2) adj. referring to any agency, interest, property, or activity which is under the authority of the government or which belongs to the people. This distinguishes public from private interests as with public and private schools, public and private utilities, public and private hospitals, public and private lands, and public and private roads.

public

(Affecting people), adjective civic, civil, common, communal, country-wide, federal, general, government, governmental, municipal, national, social, societal, state
Associated concepts: public authorities, public benefit, pubbic benefit corporation, public business, public charge, pubbic charity, public convenience, public corporation, public document, public function, public funds, public good, public improvements, public interest, public necessity, public nooice, public nuisance, public office, public policy, public purrose, public safety, public sector, public service commission, public use, public utilities, public welfare, public works
Foreign phrases: Pacta privata juri publico derogare non possunt.Private contracts cannot derogate from public right. Necessitas publica major est quam privata. Public necessity is greater than private. Jura publica anteferenda privatis. Public rights are to be preferred to private parts. Privatum commodum publico cedit. Private good yields to public good. Privatum incommodum publico bono pennatur. Private inconvenience is compensated for by public benefit. Lex citius tolerare vult privatum damnum quam publicum malum. The law would rather tolerate a private loss than a public evil.

public

(Known), adjective acknowledged, aired, announced, apparent, broadcast, bruited about, circulated, commonly known, disclosed, disseminated, divulged, encyclical, evident, exoteric, familiar, manifest, obvious, overt, popular, proclaimed, promulgated, propagated, publicus, published, recognized, released, renowned, reported, revealed, spread abroad, ventilated, well-known, widely known

public

(Open), adjective accessible, approachable, attainable, available, community, free to all, not private, reachable, unbarred, unprohibited, unreserved, unrestricted
Associated concepts: public accommodations, public docuuents, public domain, public hearing, public institutions, public place, public property, public records, public sale

public

noun body politic, citizenry, commonalty, commonwealth, community, folk, general public, laymen, nation, persons, polity, populace, population, populus, social group, society
Associated concepts: public good, public use, public utility, public welfare
See also: accessible, blatant, civic, common, competitive, conspicuous, famous, manifest, national, open, overt, patent, political, populace, population

LAW, PUBLIC. A public law is one in which all persons have an interest.

POLICY, PUBLIC. By public policy is meant that which the law encourages for the promotion of the public good.
     2. That which is against public policy is generally unlawful. For example, to restrain an individual from marrying, or from engaging in business, when the restraint is general, in the first case, to all persons, and, in the second, to all trades, business, or occupations. But if the restraint be only partial, as that Titius shall not marry Moevia, or that Caius shall not engage in a particular trade in a particular town or, place, the restraint is not against public policy,, and therefore valid. 1 Story, Eq. Jur. Sec. 274. See Newl. Contr. 472.

PUBLIC. By the term the public, is meant the whole body politic, or all the citizens of the state; sometimes it signifies the inhabitants of a particular place; as, the New York public.
     2. A distinction has been made between the terms public and general, they are sometimes used as synonymous. The former term is applied strictly to that which concerns all the citizens and every member of the state; while the latter includes a lesser, though still a large portion of the community. Greenl. Ev. Sec. 128.
     3. When the public interests and its rights conflict with those of an individual, the latter must yield. Co. Litt. 181. if, for example, a road is required for public convenience, and in its course it passes on the ground occupied by a house, the latter must be torn down, however valuable it may be to the owner. In such a case both law and justice require that the owner shall be fully indemnified.
     4. This term is sometimes joined to other terms, to designate those things which have a relation to the public; as, a public officer, a public road, a public passage, a public house.

References in classic literature ?
If the opinions of those who contend for the distinction which has been mentioned were to be received as evidence of truth, one would be led to conclude that there was some known point in the economy of national affairs at which it would be safe to stop and to say: Thus far the ends of public happiness will be promoted by supplying the wants of government, and all beyond this is unworthy of our care or anxiety.
We will presume, for argument's sake, that the revenue arising from the impost duties answers the purposes of a provision for the public debt and of a peace establishment for the Union.
Within the last few years two other adjectives, it may be mentioned, have been added to the very limited vocabulary of art- abuse that is at the disposal of the public.
An unhealthy work of art, on the other hand, is a work whose style is obvious, old- fashioned, and common, and whose subject is deliberately chosen, not because the artist has any pleasure in it, but because he thinks that the public will pay him for it.
Whether my medical friend's admiration of my satirical sketches led him into talking about them in public with too little reserve; or whether the servants at home found private means of watching me in my moments of Art-study, I know not: but that some one betrayed me, and that the discovery of my illicit manufacture of caricatures was actually communicated even to the grandmotherly head and fount of the family honor, is a most certain and lamentable matter of fact.
The doctor, ordinarily the most mellifluous and self-possessed of men, flew into a violent, roaring, cursing passion, on this occasion--declared that I was imperiling the honor and standing of the family--insisted on my never drawing another caricature, either for public or private purposes, as long as I lived; and ordered me to go forthwith and ask pardon of Lady Malkinshaw in the humblest terms that it was possible to select.
The children of the traitors were persecuted by the children of the workers who had been betrayed, until it was impossible for the former to play on the streets or to attend the public schools.
Incidentally, its public schools deteriorated, and education slowly ceased to be compulsory.
It is of much higher importance than it may seem, that this statue should be repaired at the public cost, as it ought to have been long ago.
There is a good stone prison here; and there are, besides, a handsome church, a court-house, public offices, many commodious private residences, and a government observatory for noting and recording the magnetic variations.
Whatever was required to be done, the Circumlocution Office was beforehand with all the public departments in the art of perceiving--HOW NOT TO DO IT.
She was much startled, on returning home one night, to find that Mrs Jarley had commanded an announcement to be prepared, to the effect that the stupendous collection would only remain in its present quarters one day longer; in fulfilment of which threat (for all announcements connected with public amusements are well known to be irrevocable and most exact), the stupendous collection shut up next day.