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Pulse wave velocity (PWV) is a reliable indicator of vascular damage and atherosclerosis,[7],[8] and it reflects arterial stiffness by measuring the speed of pulse wave transmission.
1c], gender, smoking, systolic blood pressure, and carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity and sagittal abdominal diameter," Dr.
The parameters of arterial stiffness including stiffness parameter (b), pressure- strain elasticity modulus (Ep), arterial compliance (AC), augmentation index (AI), and one-point pulse wave velocity (PWVb) were determined by an ultrasound echo-tracking system (Aloka [alpha]-10, Japan) with a 7.
6 The parameters of AS primarily include aortic pulse wave velocity (PWV) and augmentation index.
It is likely that the active static stretching class increased the subjects' initial pulse wave and the reflected wave velocity, which occurs earlier during systole and impacts both waves causing a higher BPP (3).
The researchers used echo-tracking to assess vascular characteristics of the common carotid artery and mechanotransducers applied to the skin to measure arm (crPWV) and carotid-femoral (cfPWV) pulse wave velocity.
Pulse wave velocity (PWV) is a noninvasive method measuring arterial stiffness for the assessment of atherosclerosis, and there have been many reports about the relationship between PWV and the development of atherosclerosis/10,11
Synchronized Cardiac Assist overlays or superimposes a physiological pulse wave onto the patient's weakened pulse and is designed to be a less-invasive treatment than the current standard while using a more physiological treatment essential to endothelial function, which ensures adequate tissue perfusion in the organs.
4) Among the different methods of evaluating arterial stiffness, the most widely used in the literature is pulse wave velocity (PWV), specifically in the area running from the aortic arch or common carotid artery to the common femoral artery.
ESH and ESC guidelines from 2007 were the first to note arterial stiffness, measured using carotid-femoral Pulse Wave Velocity, as a marker of vessel damage and that it should be considered when determining cardiovascular risk in patients with hypertension [9].
There have been significant advances in the noninvasive assessment of endothelial function, atherosclerosis, and vascular stiffness in rheumatic diseases by determining flow-mediated dilatation, intima media thickness of carotids, and pulse wave velocity although none of them proved to be a trustworthy prognostic marker and some of them are hardly applicable in practice [2].
In an article published in the Journal of Nutrition, Ilse Reinders and colleagues report an association between higher plasma phospholipid omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) and lower pulse wave velocity, a measure of arterial stiffness which, when increased, has been correlated with a greater risk of cardiovascular disease and related mortality.