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The term's ambiguous etymology reinforces this variety: its root, rapere, denotes abduction, and more broadly, the action of carrying, dragging, or plucking off.
The contemporary term rape has its origins in the Latin verb rapere, which means to "snatch, tear, or drag away; carry off; plunder; ravish.
LJX Bononiensis Rufa Rufulum fellat, Uxor Meneni, saepe quam in sepulcretis Vidistis ipso rapere de rogo cenam, Cum deuolutum ex igne prosequeris panem Ab semiraso tunderetur ustore.
The term "raptor" is derived from the Latin word rapere (meaning to seize or take by force).
In fact, Apollo cites Zephyrus's heterosexual behavior as one of the reasons to banish Zephyrus, as Zephyrus is accused not only of the crime of killing Hyacinth but also for trying to steal Melia away from Apollo: "Hyacinthus amicum rapere non fuerat satis?
55) Cepit quisque amoris manu in suo corde te rapere, quia in illa epistola tue mentis dulcedinem non erat audire, sed cernere.
The word "rape" comes from the Latin word rapere which means "violent seizure, robbery or taking away by force" (Hoad).
I believe the name is a coinage, derived by Hawthorne from the Italian rapire, via the Latin rapere, meaning to kidnap, to abduct, and most importantly, to rape.
Ratto, from the Latin verb rapere, means not only sexual violence (usually against women); it also defines the (quick) act--rapidum--of taking somebody away from the place in which they originally were (Zingarelli 1551).
I use "rape" here in its original late Middle English sense of a violent seizure of property (Latin: rapere = to seize).
Philip's preferred term by far is raptus; as Barbara Newman explains, "raptus, from rapere 'to snatch or seize,' in legal Latin denotes a range of crimes including robbery, seizure, abduction, and especially rape.
The French word for "an abduction" is of course un enlevement, but the legal discourse of the early nineteenth century employed the word rapt (obviously connected to the English "rape" via the Latin rapere, "to seize").