ratify

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ratify

v. to confirm and adopt the act of another even though it was not approved beforehand. Example: An employee for Holsinger's Hardware orders carpentry equipment from Phillips Screws and Nails although the employee was not authorized to buy anything. The president of Holsinger's ratifies the deal when Phillips delivers the order. A person under the legal age who makes a contract, may ratify the contract when he/she reaches majority (usually 18) or may refuse to honor it without obligation.

ratify

verb accept, accredit, acknowledge, affirm, agree to, approve, assent, assure, attest, authenticate, back, bear out, buttress, certify, circumstantiate, concur, confirm, consent, corroborate, countenance, countersign, endorse, establish, guarantee, indorse, insure, make valid, pass, sanction, seal, sign, subscribe, substantiate, support, sustain, uphold, validate, verify, warrant
Associated concepts: estoppel, express ratification, principal and agent
See also: accept, accredit, acknowledge, adduce, affirm, agree, approve, assent, attest, bear, bestow, certify, comply, concur, confirm, consent, corroborate, cosign, countenance, countersign, embrace, endorse, fix, indorse, pass, recommend, respond, sanction, seal, sign, subscribe, substantiate, support, sustain, uphold, validate
References in periodicals archive ?
Multitudinous, because different framers and ratifiers had different intentions, with the consequence that intentions alone cannot fix consistent (noncontradictory and not radically ambiguous) semantic content.
In general, the broader the consensus about the level of generality pertinent to a particular disputed issue, the less controversial an inquiry into the purposes of the drafters and ratifiers of a constitutional provision is likely to be (even if, as in the cases of the Eleventh Amendment, different investigators reach different conclusions).
Canadian critics of legislative intent attack the "what" (the existence of a collective intent), the "who," (ambivalence about whether interpreters are concerned with the intent of drafters, ratifiers, or both), and the why (the justification for intent as authoritative).
relying on the intentions of the framers or ratifiers as
The fourth wave of ratifications (1998 to 2007) extended to twenty-one ratifiers.
5) In interpreting the Michigan Constitution, we believe that we "must give meaning to the text as it was understood by its ratifiers.
In the Constitution's case, that means the ratifiers.
Van Alstyne does not purport to provide any evidence that the ratifiers of the Fourteenth Amendment could have had the slightest inkling that a court might read this constitutional provision to confer the suffrage on black citizens, let alone to require equipopulous districts in state legislatures.
Why should not the ratifiers of the Constitution be the relevant referent?
An additional provision applicable to ratifiers of AP I requires that when a choice between multiple military objectives with similar military advantage is possible, the one expected to cause the least civilian loss must be selected.
This imbalance is highlighted by John Rosenthal, the American commentator: "Seven of the ratifiers [of the Rome Statute] taken together-- San Marino, Nauru, Andorra, Liechtenstein, Dominica, Antigua and Barbuda, and the Marshall Islands - have a population of roughly 347,000, which is less than the population of New York's smallest borough of Staten Island.
Under RA 10022, deployment of Filipino workers should be stopped in countries that don't have legal protection for migrant workers; that are not signatories or ratifiers of multilateral conventions pertaining to the protection of workers; and that do not have a bilateral agreement with the Philippine government on the protection of the rights of Filipino workers.