reason


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reason

(Basis), noun account, actuation, aim, causa, causation, cause, consideration, defense, design, end, excuse, explanation, extenuation, foundation, genesis, goal, ground, impetus, incentive, incitation, inducement, inspiration, instigation, intent, mainspring, motivation, motive, object, origin, prime mover, principle, provocation, purpose, ratio, rationale, root, sake, source, spring, stimulation, vindication, wherefore
Associated concepts: reason for classification
Foreign phrases: Causa patet.The reason is apparent. Eadem est ratio, eadem est lex. The reason being the same, the law is the same. Vitium est quod fugi debet, ne, si rationem non invenias, mox legem sine ratione esse clames. It is a fault which ought to be avoided, that if you cannot discover the reason you presently exclaim that the law is without reason. Ratio potest allegari deficiente lege; sed vera et legalis et non apparens. Where the law is deficient, the reason can be alleged, but it must be true and lawful and not merely apparent.

reason

(Sound judgment), noun ability to know, apperception, awareness, clearheadedness, cognizance, common sense, comprehension, discernment, discretion, discrimination, good sense, insight, intellect, intelligence, judiciousness, knowledge, logic, logicalness, lucidity, mens, mental capacity, mind, perception, percipiency, rationality, recognition, sagacity, sanity, sense, sensibility, sensibleness, sobriety, thinking, thought, understanding, wisdom
Associated concepts: business reason, rule of reason
Foreign phrases: Quaere de dubiis, quia per rationes pervenitur ad legitimam rationem.Inquire into doubtful matters, because by reasoning we arrive at legal reason. Lex est dictamen rationis. Law is the dictate of reason. Lex est ratio summa, quae jubet quae sunt utilia et necessaria, et contraria prohibet. That which is law is the consummation of reason, which commands those things useful and necessary, while prohibiting the contrary. Nihil quod est contra rationem est licitum. Nothing is lawful which is contrary to reason. Lex plus laudatur quando ratione probatur. The law is most praiseworthy when it is consistent with reason. Ratio non clauditur loco. Reason is not confined to any place. Ratio et auctoritas duo clarissima mundi lumina. Reason and authority are the two brightest lights in the world. Ratio legis est anima legis. The reason of the law is the spirit of the law. Ratio in jure aequitas integra. Reason in law is impartial eqqity. Ratio est formalis causa consuetudinis. Reason is the source and cause of custom. Lex semper intendit quod convenit rationi. The law always intends what is agreeable to reason. Quod naturalis ratio inter omnes homines constituit, vocatur jus gentium. The rule which natural reason has established among all men is called the law of nations. Ratio est legis anima; mutata legis ratione mutatur et lex. Reason is the soul of law; the reaaon of law being changed, the law is also changed.

reason

(Conclude), verb analyze, cerebrate, cogitate, conclude, consider, contemplate, deduce, deliberate, draw inferences, examine, excogitate, figure out, gather, hypothesize, infer, intellectualize, judge, make deeuctions, philosophize, ponder, ratiocinari, ratiocinate, rationalize, reflect, resolve, study, suppose, theorize, think, think through, try conclusions, turn over in the mind, weigh

reason

(Persuade), verb advise, argue, bring to reaaon, coax, contend, convince, debate, demonstrate, dissuade, establish, explain, expostulate, expound, join issue, justify, move, persuade, plead, point out, prevail upon, prove, remonstrate, set forth, speak logically, talk over, urge, ventilate a question, win over
See also: analyze, answer, argument, basis, common sense, competence, comprehend, comprehension, construe, contention, debate, deduce, deduct, deliberate, derive, discrimination, end, excuse, gist, ground, impetus, incentive, infer, intellect, intelligence, intent, item, justice, justification, motive, point, ponder, postulate, process, purpose, rationale, rationalize, read, reflect, sagacity, sanity, sense, solution, stimulus, treat, understanding

REASON. By reason is usually understood that power by which we distinguish truth from falsehood, and right from wrong; and by which we are enabled to combine means for the attainment of particular ends. Encyclopedie, h.t.; Shef. on Lun. Introd. xxvi. Ratio in jure aequitas integra.
     2. A man deprived of reason is not criminally responsible for his acts, nor can he enter into any contract.
     3. Reason is called the soul of the law; for when the reason ceases, the law itself ceases. Co. Litt. 97, 183; 1 Bl. Com. 70; 7 Toull. n. 566.
     4. In Pennsylvania, the judges are required in giving their opinions, to give the reasons upon which they are founded. A similar law exists in France, which Toullier says is one of profound wisdom, because, he says, les arrets ne sont plus comme autre fois des oracles muets qui commandent une obeissance passive; leur autorite irrefragable pour ou contre ceux qui les ont obtenus, devient soumise a la censure de la raison, quand on pretend les eriger en regles a suivre en d'autres cas semblables, vol. 6, n. 301; judgments are not as formerly silent oracles which require a passive obedience; their irrefragable authority, for or against those who have obtained them, is submitted to the censure of reason, when it is pretended to set them up as rules to be observed in other similar cases. But see what Duncan J. says in 14 S. & R. 240.

References in periodicals archive ?
For example, Markovits's own view (which she calls "internalism") is that a reason for A to [phi] is a consideration that counts in favor of A's [phi]-ing "in virtue of the relation it shows [phi]-ing to stand in to [A's] existing ends"--for example, a causal or constitutive means-ends relation, or that of being valuable because of the value of A's ends.
Reason is retrieved from the Latin word "ratio" and "intelligentia".
Let's state this in the language of contrastive and noncontrastive reasons: If I say that displaying the painting for our guests is a reason to hang it over the fireplace, without contrasting any specific alternative (except not doing so), then this would be a good noncontrastive reason for doing this.
While facts about reason relations do not correspond to mind-independent reality, Skorupski claims, one need not be a noncognitivist or nonnaturalist about them, and can grant them an objective status that distinguishes them from fictional objects.
On Raz's account, Reason does not make reasons into reasons, it just helps us, when we reflect about our situation to recognise its normative features, the relevant facts.
Al-Ghazali also thought that reason was darkened by passions and, hence, could not be trusted.
The Principle of Political Legitimacy would require the religious person in such a situation to translate the basis of the epistemic justification for p into a civic, public reason in order to justify p to others.
And he lied again about the reason for attacking Iraq in 1991--hardly to defend the integrity of Kuwait (can one imagine Bush heartstricken over Iraq's taking of Kuwait?
4 reason to watch college football this season is the UCLA linebackers corps, the best in the Pac-10, according to The Sporting News, led by seniors Spencer Havner and Justin London.
Because, under the facts and circumstances, the primary reason for the sale is to support the treatment of F's illness, D and E can claim a reduced maximum exclusion under Sec.
The reason why--the recent fire--gives me a rationale to buy into it, a believable explanation of why I might really get 50 percent off, rather than just another garden-variety, totally unbelievable and unmotivating "half price sale.
By contrast, no more than 38% of sexually experienced males in either grade selected any single reason.