reason

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reason

(Basis), noun account, actuation, aim, causa, causation, cause, consideration, defense, design, end, excuse, explanation, extenuation, foundation, genesis, goal, ground, impetus, incentive, incitation, inducement, inspiration, instigation, intent, mainspring, motivation, motive, object, origin, prime mover, principle, provocation, purpose, ratio, rationale, root, sake, source, spring, stimulation, vindication, wherefore
Associated concepts: reason for classification
Foreign phrases: Causa patet.The reason is apparent. Eadem est ratio, eadem est lex. The reason being the same, the law is the same. Vitium est quod fugi debet, ne, si rationem non invenias, mox legem sine ratione esse clames. It is a fault which ought to be avoided, that if you cannot discover the reason you presently exclaim that the law is without reason. Ratio potest allegari deficiente lege; sed vera et legalis et non apparens. Where the law is deficient, the reason can be alleged, but it must be true and lawful and not merely apparent.

reason

(Sound judgment), noun ability to know, apperception, awareness, clearheadedness, cognizance, common sense, comprehension, discernment, discretion, discrimination, good sense, insight, intellect, intelligence, judiciousness, knowledge, logic, logicalness, lucidity, mens, mental capacity, mind, perception, percipiency, rationality, recognition, sagacity, sanity, sense, sensibility, sensibleness, sobriety, thinking, thought, understanding, wisdom
Associated concepts: business reason, rule of reason
Foreign phrases: Quaere de dubiis, quia per rationes pervenitur ad legitimam rationem.Inquire into doubtful matters, because by reasoning we arrive at legal reason. Lex est dictamen rationis. Law is the dictate of reason. Lex est ratio summa, quae jubet quae sunt utilia et necessaria, et contraria prohibet. That which is law is the consummation of reason, which commands those things useful and necessary, while prohibiting the contrary. Nihil quod est contra rationem est licitum. Nothing is lawful which is contrary to reason. Lex plus laudatur quando ratione probatur. The law is most praiseworthy when it is consistent with reason. Ratio non clauditur loco. Reason is not confined to any place. Ratio et auctoritas duo clarissima mundi lumina. Reason and authority are the two brightest lights in the world. Ratio legis est anima legis. The reason of the law is the spirit of the law. Ratio in jure aequitas integra. Reason in law is impartial eqqity. Ratio est formalis causa consuetudinis. Reason is the source and cause of custom. Lex semper intendit quod convenit rationi. The law always intends what is agreeable to reason. Quod naturalis ratio inter omnes homines constituit, vocatur jus gentium. The rule which natural reason has established among all men is called the law of nations. Ratio est legis anima; mutata legis ratione mutatur et lex. Reason is the soul of law; the reaaon of law being changed, the law is also changed.

reason

(Conclude), verb analyze, cerebrate, cogitate, conclude, consider, contemplate, deduce, deliberate, draw inferences, examine, excogitate, figure out, gather, hypothesize, infer, intellectualize, judge, make deeuctions, philosophize, ponder, ratiocinari, ratiocinate, rationalize, reflect, resolve, study, suppose, theorize, think, think through, try conclusions, turn over in the mind, weigh

reason

(Persuade), verb advise, argue, bring to reaaon, coax, contend, convince, debate, demonstrate, dissuade, establish, explain, expostulate, expound, join issue, justify, move, persuade, plead, point out, prevail upon, prove, remonstrate, set forth, speak logically, talk over, urge, ventilate a question, win over
See also: analyze, answer, argument, basis, common sense, competence, comprehend, comprehension, construe, contention, debate, deduce, deduct, deliberate, derive, discrimination, end, excuse, gist, ground, impetus, incentive, infer, intellect, intelligence, intent, item, justice, justification, motive, point, ponder, postulate, process, purpose, rationale, rationalize, read, reflect, sagacity, sanity, sense, solution, stimulus, treat, understanding

REASON. By reason is usually understood that power by which we distinguish truth from falsehood, and right from wrong; and by which we are enabled to combine means for the attainment of particular ends. Encyclopedie, h.t.; Shef. on Lun. Introd. xxvi. Ratio in jure aequitas integra.
     2. A man deprived of reason is not criminally responsible for his acts, nor can he enter into any contract.
     3. Reason is called the soul of the law; for when the reason ceases, the law itself ceases. Co. Litt. 97, 183; 1 Bl. Com. 70; 7 Toull. n. 566.
     4. In Pennsylvania, the judges are required in giving their opinions, to give the reasons upon which they are founded. A similar law exists in France, which Toullier says is one of profound wisdom, because, he says, les arrets ne sont plus comme autre fois des oracles muets qui commandent une obeissance passive; leur autorite irrefragable pour ou contre ceux qui les ont obtenus, devient soumise a la censure de la raison, quand on pretend les eriger en regles a suivre en d'autres cas semblables, vol. 6, n. 301; judgments are not as formerly silent oracles which require a passive obedience; their irrefragable authority, for or against those who have obtained them, is submitted to the censure of reason, when it is pretended to set them up as rules to be observed in other similar cases. But see what Duncan J. says in 14 S. & R. 240.

References in classic literature ?
Our visitor glanced with some apparent surprise at the languid, lounging figure of the man who had been no doubt depicted to him as the most incisive reasoner and most energetic agent in Europe.
The stage lost a fine actor, even as science lost an acute reasoner, when he became a specialist in crime.
I could well remember the scorn which the theories of the reasoner used then to excite in the practical man.
It is one of those cases where the art of the reasoner should be used rather for the sifting of details than for the acquiring of fresh evidence.
When this remarkable reasoner and his companion had been absorbed into the expeditionary force, it resumed its advance.
You are no very shrewd reasoner, fellow," quoth the knight; "for if it be within the law for you to threaten him with your club, then it is also lawful for me to threaten you with my sword.
Each and every thought-process of the scientific reasoner is metaphysical.
I had never known him to be wrong; and yet the keenest reasoner may occasionally be deceived.
Motivated reasoners use low standards of proof for claims they like, high standards for ones they don't, and fixate on trashing opponents' weakest arguments instead of actually considering their strongest.
What distinguishes human beings from other animals is precisely their "need to learn to understand themselves as practical reasoners about goods" (p.
Although we have embedded these reasoners in a common framework for interoperating SW agents, called EMERALD (1), they can be added in any other multi-agent system.
Although this certainly holds true under some conditions, it is possible that model creation itself is "costly" and that the production of a single model may allow reasoners to satisfice rather than reason through a problem exhaustively.