Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Financial, Acronyms, Idioms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.


The process by which a tribunal sends a civil action, or a particular issue in the action, to an individual who has been appointed by the tribunal to hear and decide upon it, or to obtain evidence, and make a report to the court.




(Allusion), noun attribution, clue, cue, hint, implication, implied indication, imputation, incidental mention, indication, indirect implication, inkling, innuendo, insinuation, intimation, mention, ratio, referment, subtle communication, suggestion


(Citation), noun ascription, assignation, assignment, authority, citing, connecting, credit, data, derivaaion from, designation, documentation, enumeration, mention, mentioning, pointing out, quotation, quoted passage, quoting, recitation, referment, referral, source, source material, substantiation
Associated concepts: incorporation by reference
Foreign phrases: Verba relata hoc maxime operantur per referentiam, ut in eis inesse videntur.Words incorpooated by reference have as great an effect through referrnce, as they are deemed to be inserted.


(Recommendation), noun affirmation, assurance, attestation, attesting declaration, authenticated confirmation, averment, avouchment, avowal, avowance, certificate of character, certification, commendation, declaration, endorsement, laudation, letter in support, letter of introduction, letter of recommendation, substantiation, testification, testimony, validification, voucher, vouching, witnessing
See also: attribution, citation, connection, connotation, derivation, documentation, excerpt, guidance, indication, innuendo, insinuation, intimation, recommendation, referral, relation, relevance, reminder

REFERENCE, contracts. An agreement to submit to certain arbitrators, matters in dispute between two or more parties, for their decision, and judgment. The persons to whom such matters are referred are sometimes called referees.

REFERENCE, mercantile law. A direction or request by a party who asks a credit to the person from whom he expects it, to call on some other person named in order to ascertain the character or mercantile standing of the former.

REFERENCE, practice. The act of sending any matter by a court of chancery or one exercising equitable powers, to a master or other officer, in order that he may ascertain facts and report to the court. By reference is also understood that part of an instrument of writing where it points to another for the matters therein contained. For the effect of such reference, see 1 Pick. R. 27; 17 Mass. R. 443; 15 Pick. R. 66; 7 Halst. R. 25; 14 Wend. R. 619; 10 Conn. R. 422; 4 Greenl. R. 14, 471; 3 Greenl. R. 393; 6 Pick. R. 460; the thing referred to is also called a reference.

References in classic literature ?
As most of these old Custom-House officers had good traits, and as my position in reference to them, being paternal and protective, was favourable to the growth of friendly sentiments, I soon grew to like them all.
This explanation given, the subject was dropped, and no further reference made to it by either Mr.
We should therefore solve the question by reference to what the poet says himself, or to what is tacitly assumed by a person of intelligence.
Yet of secondary substances, not only the name, but also the definition, applies to the subject: we should use both the definition of the species and that of the genus with reference to the individual man.
If what is now said does not make this clear, we will explain it still further: if there should be any one, a very excellent player on the flute, but very deficient in family and beauty, though each of them are more valuable endowments than a skill in music, and excel this art in a higher degree than that player excels others, yet the best flutes ought to be given to him; for the superiority [1283a] in beauty and fortune should have a reference to the business in hand; but these have none.
Such of them as were dining in, ate their meal almost in silence, and no reference was made to the matter till the servants had left the room.
With reference to the military side- the plan of campaign- that work of genius of which Thiers remarks that, "His genius never devised anything more profound, more skillful, or more admirable," and enters into a polemic with M.
She promised this, and they went on to talk calmly of things that had no reference to their feelings--a talk which, in its constraint, was infinitely sad to both of them.
Refined, accomplished, lady-like; and she stoops to use a false reference.
Place her in a position to discover--not by reference to her own distempered fancies and visions, but by reference to actual evidence and actual fact--whether Mr.
Very similar is his reference to seasons through what happens or is done in that season: `when the House- carrier, fleeing the Pleiades, climbs up the plants from the earth', is the season for harvesting; or `when the artichoke flowers and the clicking grass-hopper, seated in a tree, pours down his shrill song', is the time for rest.
As the reference to the Confession passed his lips, she raised her head.