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LAW, RETROSPECTIVE. A retrospective law is one that is to take effect, in point of time, before it was passed.
     2. Whenever a law of this kind impairs the obligation of contracts, it is void. 3 Dall. 391. But laws which only vary the remedies, divest no right, but merely cure a defect in proceedings otherwise fair, are valid. 10 Serg. & Rawle, 102, 3; 15 Serg. & Rawle, 72. See Ex post facto.

RETROSPECTIVE. Looking backwards.
     2. This word is usually applied to those acts of the legislature, which are made to operate upon some subject, contract or crime which existed before the passage of the acts, and they are therefore called retrospective laws. These laws are generally unjust and are, to a certain extent, forbidden by that article in the constitution of the United States, which prohibits the passage of ex post facto laws or laws impairing contracts.
     3. The right to pass retrospective laws, with the exceptions above mentioned, exists in the several states, according to their own constitutions, and become obligatory if not prohibited by the latter. 4 S. & R. 364; 3 Dall. R. 396; 1 Bay, R. 179; 7 John. R. 477; vide 4 S. & R. 403; 1 Binn. R. 601; 3 S. & R. 169; 2 Cranch. R. 272 2 Pet. 414; 8 Pet. 110; 11 Pet. 420; 1 Bald. R. 74; 5 Penn. St. R. 149.
     4. An instance may be found in the laws of Connecticut. In 1795, the legislature passed a resolve, setting aside a decree of a court of probate disapproving of a will and granted a new hearing; it was held that the resolve not being against any constitutional principle in that state, was valid. 3 Dall. 386. And in Pennsylvania a judgment was opened by the act of April 1, 1837, which was holden by the supreme court to be constitutional. 2 Watts & Serg. 271.
     5. Laws should never be considered as applying to cases which arose previously to their passage, unless the legislature have clearly declared such to be their intention. 12 L. R. 352 Vide Barringt. on the Stat. 466, n. 7 John. R. 477; 1 Kent, Com. 455; Tayl. Civil Law, 168; Code, 1, 14, 7; Bracton, lib. 4, fo. 228; Story, Cons. Sec. 1393; 1 McLean, Rep. 40; 1 Meigs, Rep. 437; 3 Dall. 391; 1 Blackf.R.193; 2 Gallis. R. 139; 1 Yerg. R. 360; 5 Yerg. R. 320; 12 S. & R. 330; and see Ex post facto.

References in periodicals archive ?
Following Hesse's landmark multimedia retrospective in 2002, this exhibition, co-organized by the Drawing Center and the Menil Collection, brings drawing to the fore with a survey of one hundred "finished" works on paper, supplemented by a selection of Hesse's 1965 reliefs, a small group of sculptural works, and rarely seen notebooks and diaries.
If we are to avoid a 20-year retrospective on the failures of the Bush administration's education efforts, it seems to me that the new law should be accorded more support than it is receiving.
There'll be plenty of opportunity for both in MOCA's retrospective, whose alarming highlights include Sherman's ``Sex Pictures'' series of the early 1990s.
But he painted luminous if heartbreaking semiabstract landscapes, and they--not his star-crossed life--are the attraction of this eighty-work retrospective, Bluemner's first in nearly two decades.
And in his major mid-career retrospective, which debuted at the Los Angeles County Museum of Art in June and began traveling across the country last fall, Pittman has proved to be one of the brightest stars in the contemporary art world.
Museum fur Gegenwartskunst Siegen/Kunsthalle Bremen, Germany) Spread across two museums, of very different types and scale in different regions of Germany, Thater's retrospective beautifully and deftly responded to the particulars of site and sequencing in a subtle redevising of key works for their new environs.
And if it is surprising that it has taken three decades to mount a stateside retrospective, the question of which Smithson it offers seems the most urgent, given that long delay.
British audiences haven't seen much Edward Hopper since the Whitney's 1980 retrospective traveled to London's Hayward Gallery, so this show is the first to test the American artist's dour probity against the freewheeling post-YBA climate.
At MOMA, he organized this year's Gerhard Richter: Forty Years of Painting," as well as retrospectives of Tony Smith and Chuck Close in 1998 and Bruce Nauman in 1995.
Midcareer retrospectives are tricky deals, and Pierson isn't the first artist to find himself ill served.
LIKE MOST RETROSPECTIVES, the Gerhard Richter exhibition curated by Robert Storr was organized chronologically.
Indeed, to hear any admirer of Hesse tell it, the significance of the show far exceeds the usual batch of claims attached to museum retrospectives.