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LAW, RETROSPECTIVE. A retrospective law is one that is to take effect, in point of time, before it was passed.
     2. Whenever a law of this kind impairs the obligation of contracts, it is void. 3 Dall. 391. But laws which only vary the remedies, divest no right, but merely cure a defect in proceedings otherwise fair, are valid. 10 Serg. & Rawle, 102, 3; 15 Serg. & Rawle, 72. See Ex post facto.

RETROSPECTIVE. Looking backwards.
     2. This word is usually applied to those acts of the legislature, which are made to operate upon some subject, contract or crime which existed before the passage of the acts, and they are therefore called retrospective laws. These laws are generally unjust and are, to a certain extent, forbidden by that article in the constitution of the United States, which prohibits the passage of ex post facto laws or laws impairing contracts.
     3. The right to pass retrospective laws, with the exceptions above mentioned, exists in the several states, according to their own constitutions, and become obligatory if not prohibited by the latter. 4 S. & R. 364; 3 Dall. R. 396; 1 Bay, R. 179; 7 John. R. 477; vide 4 S. & R. 403; 1 Binn. R. 601; 3 S. & R. 169; 2 Cranch. R. 272 2 Pet. 414; 8 Pet. 110; 11 Pet. 420; 1 Bald. R. 74; 5 Penn. St. R. 149.
     4. An instance may be found in the laws of Connecticut. In 1795, the legislature passed a resolve, setting aside a decree of a court of probate disapproving of a will and granted a new hearing; it was held that the resolve not being against any constitutional principle in that state, was valid. 3 Dall. 386. And in Pennsylvania a judgment was opened by the act of April 1, 1837, which was holden by the supreme court to be constitutional. 2 Watts & Serg. 271.
     5. Laws should never be considered as applying to cases which arose previously to their passage, unless the legislature have clearly declared such to be their intention. 12 L. R. 352 Vide Barringt. on the Stat. 466, n. 7 John. R. 477; 1 Kent, Com. 455; Tayl. Civil Law, 168; Code, 1, 14, 7; Bracton, lib. 4, fo. 228; Story, Cons. Sec. 1393; 1 McLean, Rep. 40; 1 Meigs, Rep. 437; 3 Dall. 391; 1 Blackf.R.193; 2 Gallis. R. 139; 1 Yerg. R. 360; 5 Yerg. R. 320; 12 S. & R. 330; and see Ex post facto.

References in periodicals archive ?
Similarly, "Klee and America" (organized by Josef Helfenstein, director of the Menil Collection) builds on the success of MOMA's 1987 retrospective and the collection-specific "Paul Klee at the Guggenheim Museum" in 1993, while shedding new light on the Swiss painter's legacy in the US.
Given Risk's impact, it still comes as something of a surprise to me (as it has on other occasions since 1983) to find that the main critical arrow of the task force's retrospective is misaimed.
Conceived and funded by PrideFest America--a nonprofit group that also sponsors an annual symposium and festival of cultural and political programs, this year running from April 29 through May 5--the retrospective draws heavily from Tseng's "Expeditionary" series but also features some of his other work, much of it created in 1980s New York with Jones and Keith Hating.
Island gives the duo the two-disc retrospective treatment as well, though the second disc is, appropriately, mostly remixes and dub versions of the hits on disc one.
Together these three retrospectives remind us of the vigor with which young artists in the '60s empowered themselves as filmmakers.
New York's influential Signature Theatre Company, which every year devotes its entire season to a single playwright, has chosen to greet Y2K with a Fornes retrospective.
Sherman herself makes no sweeping claims for her work, although she's being honored with a major retrospective that just opened at downtown's Museum of Contemporary Art and will travel to Chicago, Prague, London, Bordeaux, Sydney and Toronto.
Updating her 1987-88 traveling retrospective, MOMA's survey of seventy-odd paintings and drawings spanning four decades is a tribute to Elizabeth Murray's eccentric presence in today's art world.
With a stunning mid-career retrospective, artist Lari Pittman brings a bold gay sensibility into the picture
4 "Nach Kippenberger" (Van Abbemuseum, Eindhoven) Even for the Kippenberger aficionado, this well-curated retrospective delivered rarities, surprises, and an eclectic orgy of delights.
Boym, the organizer of a 1999 retrospective that appeared in Oslo, Stockholm, and Ishoj, Denmark, attributed the fact that, until then, Smithson retrospectives had been organized only in Europe "to the way in which Smithson's art challenges notions about the traditional roles attributed to center and periphery in terms of history, the role of humanity, the role of intellect, compositional principles and the practice of art institutions.
New Yorkers haven't seen his work en masse since MOMA's 1951 retrospective, so this exhibition of more than one hundred paintings, sculptures, and drawings offers an exceptional chance to take measure "beyond the myth.